Thrush (candidiasis) is a fungal disease that “seizes an increasing number of women into its nets”. How to recognize thrush among a whole list of other gynecological problems? This is what the article will be about.
The clinical picture of thrush
Every woman should visit the gynecologist's office once every six months, even if she is not worried about anything. But often we wave our hands on these preventive measures. As a result, many diseases have the opportunity not only to strengthen in our body, but also to move to a more serious level. So with thrush! Urgently debug all your cases and make an appointment with a doctor if you notice these symptoms:
- Burning and itching in the genital area, which tend to intensify at night and after taking a shower or bath.
- White discharge, resembling cottage cheese in appearance.
- Unpleasant smell.
- Pain and discomfort during intercourse.
All these are the first calls of candidiasis, which you should in no way ignore, unless, of course, you want the disease to become chronic. In addition, yeast-like fungi that cause candidiasis are often combined with pathogens of chlamydia, trichomoniasis, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis, bacterial vaginosis, gonorrhea, and many others.
Especially attentive to their sexual health should be future mothers. Despite the fact that thrush among pregnant women does not occur so often (3 times less frequently than in non-pregnant women), it can lead to hormonal changes in a woman’s body. And, of course, there is a risk that the child will become infected with the fungus during the passage of the birth canal. Do not forget to read about the causes of the disease.
Laboratory methods for the diagnosis of thrush
To get an accurate diagnosis, you will have to pass several tests.
1. Smear. He takes the doctor during a gynecological examination. The procedure does not take much time, a special swab is taken scraping from the vagina and transferred to a glass slide. Then this smear is studied in the laboratory under a microscope. In the presence of thrush in a smear, an excessive amount of Candida fungus cells is clearly visible.
2. Sowing. This analysis is carried out not only to confirm the diagnosis, but also to determine the growth rate of the fungus. Material taken from a sick woman is sown in a special nutrient medium, and then the formation of colonies of the fungus is observed. But the fact is that these colonies can appear even when seeding from an absolutely healthy woman, because Candida is a natural inhabitant of the vaginal mucosa in all women without exception. Therefore, there is a certain criterion to distinguish the rate from pathology. When thrush in sowing is about 10,000 CFU per ml (colony forming units).
3. Analysis for the presence of other sexually transmitted infections.
4. Analysis of the type of fungus and its susceptibility to drugs. Very often the treatment of thrush lasts for months, but does not bring any result. Perhaps the reason lies in the fact that this type of fungus has good immunity against those drugs with which you are treated. Just in such cases, and carry out additional diagnostics.
Also pay attention to another very important point. Now, in many clinics, patients are offered to undergo a PCR (polymerase chain reaction) test, which is also called the DNA method. Here it is just not an effective tool for the diagnosis of thrush, as it shows only the presence of the fungus, but not its quantity.