A wound is a violation of the integrity of the skin, internal tissues and even organs, caused by some kind of external mechanical action. Differs in signs such as pain and bleeding.
Children of any age are very active and curious, so it is impossible to protect them from various injuries and scratches. Well, if the damage is not deep, but there are also those that can not do without medical assistance. In any case, parents are obliged to know what to treat the wound in the child before visiting the doctor, whatever it may be - superficial or penetrating. The method of treatment will depend on the size, depth, location of damage, force of bleeding.
Even a small scratch, a cut can become a gateway for infection to enter the body, leading to the formation of an inflammatory process. To prevent this, parents must know how to treat the wound of even a small depth in a child.
- Wash the injury with hydrogen peroxide, which has not expired. If the skin around the damage is dirty, gently clean the skin with boiled warm water using a mild soap (do not touch the wound). Water for washing children's wounds is excluded.
- Treat with any antiseptic from the first-aid kit: alcohol, green, fucorcin, calendula or chlorophyll solution. Eplan and Savior preparations, tea tree essential oil diluted in boiled water, solutions of furacilin or potassium permanganate, chlorhexidine are also suitable. Iodine can damage tissues (burn them), so it is not an ideal treatment for processing.
- It is recommended to put a sterile dressing on top of the wound (a bandage or a bactericidal adhesive plaster will do). If the damage is minor, the blood does not flow, the bandage is canceled: the scratch will heal faster in air.
If, even with a small wound, there is no way to relieve the bleeding on its own, it is strongly recommended that you immediately call a doctor or take the child to the emergency room.
Sometimes there is a fairly deep and extensive damage to the skin and surrounding tissues. Accordingly, the first aid to the baby will be of a different nature. Not many people know the better to treat an open wound in order to avoid later purulent-inflammatory process and complications.
- First, the wound should be carefully examined. If there are foreign objects in it, they should be removed immediately (if it is not eyes).
- Extensive wounds are washed with hydrogen peroxide, furatsilina solutions or potassium permanganate.
- Apply a bandage: cover with a sterile cloth, bandaged.
- Such injuries are almost always accompanied by heavy bleeding, which must be stopped. To do this, the bandage is made tight enough, but not so much that it blocked the blood circulation. If blood is seeping through the bandage, you shouldn’t remove or tighten it too: another bandage is applied on top of it.
In such cases, the child should be taken as soon as possible to the emergency room or hospital. In this case, the victim is not recommended to drink and eat: if an operation is to be performed under general anesthesia, this will be inappropriate.
On the face and on the head
If a child has a wound on the face or on the head, the situation is quite difficult. Not only is it very painful, in the future any trauma to the face can disfigure the baby’s appearance with scars. On the other hand, it is the facial skin that recovers most quickly, since it is well supplied with blood.
- It will be hardest with the head: if the hair is short, it will be easy to treat the wound. Long strands around the injury will have to be cut.
- Rinse with peroxide.
- Treat with antiseptic.
- Apply a sterile dressing.
- Call the emergency room. If the depth of the wound on the face can be determined independently and with its small area confined to home remedies, the degree of damage to the skin on the head is difficult to determine independently. In this case, it is recommended to show the baby to the doctor.
If you are not sure that you can independently provide first aid to the child, immediately call the doctor or take him to the hospital yourself.
Sometimes on the surface of the damage there is a permanent separation of fluid - nodules, pus, blood, which complicates and slows the healing process. The doctor should tell you how to properly treat a moist wound, since with such a complication it is imperative to seek qualified medical assistance.
- Apply to the treatment of wounds water-soluble ointments (the safest for children Levosin and Levomikol).
- Change bandages as needed, as soon as they get wet through, but at least twice a day.
- Wash away moist wounds with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
- To observe the maximum sterility.
- When the wound begins to dry, its healing can be accelerated with the help of Kalanchoe juice, rosehip oil or sea buckthorn oil.
If you are not sure that you can change the bandages on a weeping wound on your own, it is better to take him to the nearest hospital every day, where the damage will be treated in a sterile and high quality manner.
In order for any wound received by the child to heal, a certain period is necessary. From time to time, re-dressing and treatment may be required in the emergency room or in the surgeon's office. In case of infected damage, antibiotics may be prescribed. The treatment of any type of wound should be carried out under the constant supervision of an experienced surgeon and in strict accordance with his prescriptions and recommendations.