Influenza vaccine to children: to do or not, contraindications and possible consequences

One of the most relevant topics for parents in the autumn-winter period is the flu vaccine for children, which they offer to put in all medical institutions. On the one hand, I want to protect my child from the virus by vaccination. On the other hand, there are so many myths about the dangerous consequences that may arise after this, that parents have a completely understandable fear.

So what is more dangerous: the flu or vaccination against it - try to figure it out.

Vaccination efficiency

Parents can decide for themselves whether or not they will vaccinate flu vaccine only after weighing the pros and cons. Vaccination is voluntary, therefore, when making a decision, the most important thing is to prevent an unfortunate mistake. Parents should be clearly aware of the advantages of this vaccine and how effective it is.

  1. You need to understand that flu vaccinations for children do not protect against infection by the virus. Their task is fundamentally different: when it is present, the disease simply proceeds to a light degree, without complications. Unfortunately, doctors do not sufficiently inform parents of this, and the latter, as a rule, hope that the vaccine delivered to the child is a guarantee that he will not get the flu.
  2. The vaccine has a long lasting effect on the human body. It promotes the development of immunity to the virus for two weeks. It will be effective for six months and even more. In accordance with these indicators, they begin to vaccinate well in advance of the planned influenza epidemic, so that immunity can be worked out.
  3. High efficiency (up to 90%) has imported vaccines, so it will be good for parents to study the ampoule that is used for injection.
  4. The benefits include the important fact that the child can be vaccinated against influenza at the same time as vaccination against many other diseases - tetanus, measles, diphtheria, whooping cough.

Anti-influenza vaccines such as Vaxigrip, Fluarix, Agrippal, Influvac, etc. are most often offered. However, if flu vaccinations had some advantages, no one would doubt whether to put them on your child or not.

This is due to the presence of deficiencies - contraindications, non-compliance with which leads to complications. It is because of the rather serious consequences that many parents are afraid to vaccinate their babies against the flu.

Contraindications

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Physicians must inform their parents about what contraindications for flu vaccinations children should follow in order not to bring the subject to dangerous complications. And be sure to identify them before vaccination.

Contraindications include:

  • age up to 6 months: flu vaccine is not given to children under one year if a live vaccine is used (shown only after 3 years) or inactivated (it is considered successful only after 7 years); Many doctors say that the most safe vaccine will be for children up to 3 years old, since before this age they have to go through a whole list of necessary vaccinations;
  • heart disease of any severity;
  • diabetes;
  • recent cold;
  • pulmonary diseases that have become chronic (for example, bronchitis);
  • high fever at the time of vaccination;
  • runny nose, cough;
  • Constant contact of the child with an already infected person (for example, if someone in the family has already caught this virus);
  • if the baby is already sick;
  • allergy to chicken protein;
  • epilepsy;
  • hydrocephalus;
  • individual intolerance.

Before conducting influenza vaccination, the doctor must conduct an examination, especially if the vaccine is given to the child for the first time. Blood and urine tests are taken, individual intolerance to the drug is detected, a map of recent diseases is studied. On the day of vaccination, the child feels health, the temperature is measured.

Only after such measures in the absence of contraindications put vaccination. Otherwise, undesirable consequences, which are so eagerly told by everyone, can begin.

Effects of vaccination

There is a lot of talk about how dangerous the effects of flu shots can be on a baby’s health. Instead of vain doubts and empty fears, parents should clarify one thing for themselves: all of them are possible only if the contraindications are not observed. If there are no special problems with the health of the child, the vaccination should be successful and fulfill its function - to save, not harm.

Dangerous and not very serious consequences after unsuccessful influenza vaccination include:

  • slight increase in temperature;
  • swelling or redness at the injection site;
  • headache;
  • weakness;
  • drowsiness;
  • high body temperature;
  • anaphylactic shock, which is accompanied by a sharp drop in blood pressure and heart failure;
  • death in the presence of serious internal diseases.

Most of these effects are short-lived, local and fast. Danger threatens only those children who have serious pathologies and big health problems. Here we need additional consultations from many doctors - narrower specialists who will be able to determine the level and degree of threat of an influenza vaccine.

Watch the video: February 2019 ACIP Meeting - Influenza Vaccines (April 2020).

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