Doctors say that a healthy boot should go from 9 months to 1.5 years old. At the beginning of this time period are the most frisky and active of them, in the end - cautious and heavy on the rise in the literal and figurative sense. Such a large scatter in terms allows us to understand that the first steps are an individual peculiarity and cannot be driven under any standards, as some moms do. For them, if the crumb didn’t go a year, that’s all, it’s a disaster!
Comparing it with others, parents start to panickly worry that he will not stand on his feet at all, write him down for all sorts of massages, swimming, lead by various specialists. This is already too much. Instead, you just need to know how to teach the child to walk on their own, how to help him learn this skill with his peers, not lagging behind them and not staying too long.
The reasons for the protracted "sitting"
You can practice for a long time, but never teach a child to walk on their own for one reason - if there are undetected or ignored physiological features. They can become a serious obstacle through which it is impossible to step over until it is diagnosed and eliminated.
Therefore, to begin with, young parents should understand why their crumb is in no hurry to take the first step. The factors contributing to this can be very different.
- Excess weight
Compare the weight of the child with the norms for his age. You are often told that you have a "puffy" growing, and a district pediatrician constantly makes a remark that you are overfeeding? It is time to reconsider the daily amount of food that he consumes. Have you entered the lure correctly?
Consult with specialists and take the necessary measures to gradually lose weight baby. Otherwise, those extra pounds will have a serious load on the spine when you try to teach him to walk. Do gymnastics with him for babies, swimming.
If the cause of excess weight is an impaired metabolism, be sure to make an appointment with a pediatric endocrinologist and take a course of treatment if it is possible.
Experts say that the first year of life is a stage of psychomotor development. The motor activity of a child directly depends on its type of higher nervous activity. It includes emotional excitability, mental features, vital force.
If you grow slow phlegmatic or anxious melancholic, it will be difficult to teach to walk at an early age. But a smart choleric or a cheerful sanguine person will stand on legs much faster and, most likely, without your participation.
- Genetic predisposition
Ask your parents what time you started walking and how it happened: did you do it yourself or did they have to make any effort? It often turns out that a child who took his first steps after a year has inherited this feature.
- Climatic conditions
What part of the earth do you live in? Studies have shown that Southerners are developing earlier and faster than the northerners. This also applies to walking.
One of the most controversial devices that divided all pediatricians and parents into two opposing camps.
On the one hand, the child can still be taught to walk with the help of a walker, if you use them correctly (put them there closer to a year, in the absence of contraindications, limit the time spent in them, make the baby move on his own).
On the other hand, orthopedists and pediatricians do not get tired to warn that this is a direct path to flat-footedness and violation of posture in the future. And lazy children, having mastered the purpose of this construction, refuse to take steps at all without it. If this is your case, you will have to deprive him of this pleasure and force him to walk on his own.
- Unsuccessful experience
If the child has already attempted to walk, but they ended in failure (knocked, it just did not work out), he can remember it and will be afraid that it will happen again.
To prevent such a situation, adults should always be close to the crumbs and take all safety measures to avoid falling. If this still happened, you need to wait for time (enough weeks) and show him that walking is not at all scary, that mom is always there to help.
- Stressful situation
A child can be taught to walk only if he grows up in a comfortable psychological atmosphere and familiar conditions. Stress from an unfamiliar environment, because of the move, strangers in the apartment, frequent quarrels of parents can make him "sit aside", despite all the efforts.
Even if it is a common cold, it can greatly weaken the child’s body. No need to try to teach him to walk in this period. Wait until recovery and resume classes.
- Musculoskeletal, neurological diseases
This is one of the most serious reasons because of which the baby does not walk. Problems with the musculoskeletal system and the central nervous system - factors that inhibit the skill of independent walking. It will require an integrated approach: timely diagnosis, treatment, procedures, constant monitoring by specialists.
Want to teach a child to walk without support? In this case, make sure first that he has no problems in development and nothing in it does not interfere. But how many months can you start such studies without harm to his health? And how exactly do they take place at home? Expert advice - to help you.
Did you know that ... do babies have no kneecaps? They are finally formed only by half a year. So think: early circulation will benefit the newly appeared joints, which need at least 2-3 months to strengthen?
There is a huge number of techniques to properly teach a child to walk: they are all very effective and approved by specialists. You can choose any. The main thing is to follow the general recommendations, which will allow not to lose sight of any nuance. This will accelerate the achievement of desired results.
At what age?
Age, when the first steps are taken, is an individual indicator that cannot be customized to the standards. Some can be pushed to this as early as 10 months, and someone matures for such studies only by 1.2 years. The best option is to teach a child to walk a year, usually by this time he is already formed for this.
Observe him and determine for yourself, it's time for him to stand on his feet or still early. Signs of readiness:
- rises, holding on to something;
- moves along the support;
- actively moving from room to room on all fours;
- finds pleasure in it;
- overcomes small obstacles;
- walks by the hand;
- climbs on low chairs.
Want to teach a one year old child to walk? First, determine from these attributes whether he is ready for it. If he expresses reluctance, slowly develops motor skills, but is absolutely healthy, do not force the events. Up to 1.5 years you have time.
In order for the child to take the first steps together with his peers, this must be taken care of in advance. Teach him to walk ... from the cradle. Yes, the preparation of the musculoskeletal system for such a serious event should be regularly conducted from 1 month of life.
- 1 month
10 minutes daily, the newborn should lie on the tummy so that the muscles of the back and neck can get stronger.
- 2 months
Teach your baby to roll over from tummy to back and back. This is easy to do: hold a bright toy in front of it and gradually move it to the side so that it reaches for it. Performing this simple action, he forces almost all muscle groups to work. He will then be easier to climb.
- 4 months
Teach him to sit leaning on something. To do this, you need to carefully pull it by the handles.
- 6 months
He must learn to sit on his own, without support.
- 6-12 months
Make the baby crawl actively. Favorite toys and gymnastics - to help you. Holding his armpits, let him jump on your knees.
In order to quickly teach a child to walk, parents should make sure that their musculoskeletal system develops in accordance with age norms. It was then that by the year he would take his first steps without special training. If this still has not happened, get ready for the "lessons." And they need to start with safety.
According to research. Scientists have confirmed that children who were actively crawling in infancy are easily learnable and successful at school, unlike those who missed this stage and immediately went.
Planning to teach a child to walk independently, without support and support? Then think about safety so that it does not hurt. After all, a negative experience can kill in him the desire to learn about the world in this way. What you need to do to protect it from falls and injuries?
- Learn to walk a child in shoes designed for walking. Soft sandals and knitted booties are not suitable for such activities. Ideal - lightweight shoes made of genuine leather with hard soles.
- Are you afraid that the sole of such shoes will slide on the floor? Walk on it with sandpaper, but do not make too large roughness, which can provoke a fall.
- The surface of the floor should be smooth, flat, so that the child does not stumble. And at the same time, he cannot slide on it, otherwise he will not be sure of his movements.
- Teach him to walk where there are no steps, rapids, rugs, which he can stumble and fall over.
- Remove the spiky objects from the room where the daily activities will take place. Or put on them "stubs".
- If you put a baby in a walker, make sure they are stable. Acquire initially high-quality product that will help avoid falls. Very often, a child who does not yet feel speed, accelerates into them so that he cannot stop, and turns over. It is very easy to break and get a serious injury with such a massive structure.
- The street is not the best place for the first steps.
You will consider a safety issue for practicing with a child down to the smallest detail - teach him to walk much faster. Yes, and they themselves will be calm, that he, standing on his legs, will stand confidently on them, since nothing will frighten him.
After classrooms are prepared, engage in the acquisition of equipment that will help you achieve results in the shortest possible time.
Curious fact. There are several dozen bones in the body of an infant than in an adult.
To teach a child to walk, for classes you will need the following equipment:
- leashes (reins) are safety belts and allow you to prevent falls and injuries at first;
- despite the disagreements, in the walker some kids start to walk much faster, as they master the technique and then repeat it without this construction, so it’s worth a try;
- protective helmet on the head for babies will give peace of mind to the most worried moms;
- stick stilts;
- fitball perfectly strengthens the musculoskeletal system.
To teach a one year old child to walk, one inventory will not be enough. Help a small, still forming body to cope with such a serious task - prepare your muscles and joints, daily doing with it strengthening exercises.
Through the pages of history. The first walker was created in 1950 by the Englishman W.C. Robb for the elderly and disabled. And only recently they have been transformed under the use of self-walking babies.
The purpose of this gym is to strengthen the muscles of the back, neck and legs. She will help you teach your child to walk on a full foot, and not on tiptoe, as often happens. So take a few minutes a day to these exercises - and the first full steps without any support will be made soon.
Seat the child on the fitball with your back to yourself. Hold him by the hips. Swing in different directions. Exercise develops coordination, will teach him to keep balance. All this is necessary for walking skills. Classes can be started from 6 months of age.
Teach your child to stand. Squat him face forward on a hard surface. Hold in the chest area. Lift him up, forcing him to rise and straighten the legs. It is advisable to perform the exercise from 9 months of age under the rhythmic music.
If the baby is confident to teach him to walk, purchase special sticks. They are about a meter high, usually polished or upholstered in fabric. Make him take hold of them, put your hands on top of it. Move along these peculiar stilts in turn and take steps.
If the child walks by the hand, but is afraid to let her go, let him roll the stroller himself, while securing it from behind to avoid falling.
With the help of a hoop, you can teach a child to walk, who can stand without support, but he is afraid to take steps. It runs inside the hoop, which moves the adults in such a way as to make the child move with it.
- Toy hunt
If a child actively crawls and rises with support, this exercise will quickly teach him to walk. Move a bright toy around the room, defining it on a chair, sofa, bedside table - any elevation that will cause it to rise from its knees and take the toy. But if such a chase annoys the crumb, do not need to test his patience.
If the little man walks by the hand, make him travel around the room with obstacles. Between the furniture pull the rope so that he could see it and step over. Bring him to her, stop, help overcome. When one height is mastered, gradually raise the rope. The destination is the level of the knees. Exercise perfectly develops the muscles of the legs.
They took care of safety, purchased equipment, do gymnastics - everything is prepared for daily activities that teach the child to walk without the help of adults and support.
It is interesting. For the first year of his life, the baby goes the whole way of evolution. According to research, his ability to study at this age is much higher than that of schoolchildren. So do not be lazy - make your crumbs work, knowing the world around us already on legs!
Take some time off to practice. Half an hour will be enough. But this must be done regularly, because at this age, acquired skills are quickly forgotten.
- First, teach the baby to walk along the support. Put it near the crib (or sofa), stand on the other end yourself and call him to you, gently talking and beckoning with a toy.
- After that, teach him to break away from the support, holding his hand and pulling up to him. From this position, drive around the room. First, to instill confidence in him, hold it by both hands, but gradually let go of one.
- You yourself will feel when you can release the second hand. But at the same time you must be on guard and catch the child if he starts to fall.
- You can conduct classes together. One adult supports the crumb for the armpits and leads the room. The second one is slightly in front of him and stretches his arms, intercepting the baton and catching the baby. At some point, the first “teacher” already releases the little walker, and the second - makes the corridor with his hands for safety, but still does not hold it. The time interval when the child will be in such free flight will increase every day.
Independent walking on two legs without support and support is a huge leap in human evolution and child development. Parents should help him master this skill, despite the fact that it is laid by nature itself.
Try to instill in him the confidence that everything will turn out, at the right moment - to support, sometimes - to encourage. Make the first steps be a little man in joy and pleasure.