Vision is one of the most important elements for both adults and children. Newborns immediately after birth, check their eyesight, to find out whether there are deviations in the process. Astigmatism in children is observed from an early age.
According to statistics, most of the newborns have vision problems. However, in many cases it returns to normal by the first year of life. But nevertheless, parents should have an idea of what is astigmatism, which deviation in newborns is considered the norm, and at which it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor.
About the disease
Before you delve deeper into the heart of the problem, you should understand what is astigmatism in children, what is the essence of the disease itself.
When astigmatism appears blurred and fuzzy image. As a result, the child cannot see well enough and clearly. If we recall, it is this characteristic of the newborn. Only by 6 months the vision is quite brightly formed, the image becomes clear, and the outlines of the picture are clear and indistinct.
It is important to understand that astigmatism is not a disease, that is, it is not required to be treated with drugs. Astigmatism is considered a violation of the organ of vision. Due to the irregular focus on the retina of the light rays, it is impossible to achieve a clear image as a result.
Astigmatism is not considered a disease, so you can not try to treat it. However, it is amenable to adjustment. It is achieved by surgical or with the help of special contact lenses.
It is impossible to unequivocally tell the age at which the disease manifests itself. It can be like a newborn, and a teenager. There is no statistics on this subject that will take one side or the other.
The organs of vision in a child grow and develop throughout the entire growth period. Accordingly, at any of the moments, astigmatism may appear, this will mean that it is a violation of generally accepted norms that require correction.
Causes of astigmatism in children
It is impossible to give an unequivocal answer about why astigmatism manifested itself in a child, since there are a lot of reasons. Initially, it is necessary to determine what type of disease manifested in the child. This may be congenital or acquired abnormality.
If a child was born with astigmatism, then the cause of the pathology may lie in:
- Genetics is one of the most important and common causes.
As a rule, parents in children with disabilities suffer from similar or similar diseases. Genetics is a very exact science, so it is impossible to outwit it. Children mirror their parents not only in appearance and character, but also in terms of disease.
- an unfavorable way of life of a pregnant mother - in the event that a pregnant woman did not look after herself badly, led an abnormal lifestyle, then it is likely that a baby with developmental disabilities will be born.
They can be as strong and pronounced, and manifest only in one area in humans. For example, vision is distorted.
When we talk about acquired astigmatism, we consider a number of other factors that have pushed the body to the disease:
- eye surgery;
- serious injuries;
- bite disorder (problems with maxillofacial structure of the face).
In over 90% of cases, astigmatism is hereditary. And this means that a similar child in the family has a close relative with similar problems.
Depending on the ability of the organ of vision to refract light rays, it is customary to divide astigmatism into:
It depends on which direction the refractive particle has: vertical or horizontal.
Additional classification is:
- myopic - the main characteristic is that one eye has a normal structure, while the second one has deviations;
- far-sighted - a change in the retina occurs at a far distance, they can manifest themselves both in one eye and both at once;
- mixed is one of the most difficult and at the same time serious cases, because with mixed astigmatism, myopic deviations occur in one eye, and long-sighted - in the other.
Astigmatism: a disease or a feature?
Surprisingly, at the initial stage nobody knows about the manifestation of the disease. No one realizes that he develops a similar pathology. But doctors are still arguing on how to evaluate astigmatism.
The World Health Organization advises starting from a specific case. It turns out that for some, deviations in the organs of vision will be regarded as a disease, and for others, only as a feature. To hold this fine line, requires careful diagnosis of a specialist.
Independently answer such a question is not possible. So, if the value of astigmatism is not more than 0.7 diopters, then the pathology is considered a feature of a person.
It is noteworthy that with such characteristics no visual impairment is noticed. This means that the child does not feel any discomfort. He still sees quite clearly, clearly and well. In rare cases, the picture may become more blurred color.
For infants, astigmatism is in principle considered normal. It is well known that after their birth, a child sees only people as spots. Only later the outlines become more pronounced, by 3 months the human form for the child acquires at least some kind of contour.
According to research, the value of astigmatism in a newborn reaches 6 diopters. For an adult, this is considered the most serious abnormality that requires surgical intervention. But for a baby recently born, such a deviation will be considered the norm.
However, at this moment it is worth being extremely careful and attentive. It is necessary to observe the baby from birth. An ophthalmologist is recommended to visit at the age of 3 months. A specialist can indicate possible deviations and only in dynamics can they be observed.
Over time, the baby’s eyesight should improve, and astigmatism should be left behind. In that case, if there is a clear progress, then you should not worry and treat this as a feature of the development of the newborn person.
Symptoms of astigmatism
Before suggesting that astigmatism is a pathology, disease or structural features of the body, you should think about what factors and criteria will indicate the presence of problems in your child.
First of all, you should pay attention to the baby with:
- frequent and asymptomatic headaches;
- in order to better consider the object (regardless of its location), the kid squints heavily and tilts his head slightly to the side;
- tearfulness of the eyes;
- does not notice the furniture in space, may come across it, clearly not noticing the object;
- eye fatigue;
- complaints of an already grown-up child on the distortion of the picture.
In the event that a mom or dad found at least a few criteria in his child, they should immediately consult a doctor. Astigmatism can progress, often it develops against the background of other diseases that a small patient can suffer from.
Should I treat astigmatism?
Astigmatism in the medical world is not considered a disease. It is considered a certain pathology and even visual features. In this regard, many disputes and questions about the need to treat astigmatism.
It is impossible to understand on the Internet whether treatment is necessary for your child. Only a competent specialist will be able to answer this question. The problem of treatment is connected with the fact that the pathology is considered separately and the decision is made in each specific case.
Astigmatism in most patients is not treated. It passes with time, without leaving behind any negative consequences. But this is not always the case. Often it provokes the development of more serious diseases that can affect the future life of the child.
To know and understand the need for the treatment of astigmatism in one way or another can be only by contacting an ophthalmologist. The doctor will be able to understand this only by determining the extent of the problem, by finding out the age of the little patient.
Minor corneal abnormalities pose a serious threat to the child. This can contribute to the appearance and development of strabismus in the baby. This deviation adversely affects the life of the child.
It’s hard for a kid to read and strain his eyes for a long time, this can not affect either the general development or the educational activities. As a rule, children with strabismus learn much worse, because it is difficult for them to absorb such a large amount of material.
If such abnormalities are detected at an early age, then all this indicates a possible mental disorder. Small children are developing rather slowly and very far behind their peers.
Severe complication is considered a lazy eye syndrome. This means that one eye initially transmits reliably to transmit the image, significantly distorting it. Then it may go blind.
Even if it is possible to get rid of astigmatism, the syndrome of a lazy eye will affect in the form of abnormalities in the brain. He, in turn, will transmit a signal according to which the vision will not be restored at all.
Treatment of astigmatism in children
Such serious negative consequences may result in astigmatism in a child. In this regard, it is worth thinking about what methods doctors use to achieve full restoration of vision or its correction. No parent would want their child blind.
In most cases, the pathology with vision is not completely cured. They only need correction, which is necessary to improve their livelihoods. The child will be much more comfortable to exist, since the images will become clear and beautiful.
One of the cheapest and most effective ways to correct vision. Points are selected individually in the office of the attending ophthalmologist. The specialist will advise which lens to choose in order to make the child comfortable to read, watch TV, learn lessons.
For schoolchildren and teenagers, wearing glasses is a psychological stress. In them, they look uncertain. The task of the parents at such a moment is to support their baby and find the perfect fashionable form of glasses. Fortunately, nowadays many stars wear glasses with empty lenses to give a special sense of style.
In the event that the child continues to complain of headaches, then follow him carefully for a week. At this time, he will get used to a different vision.
Suitable for older children. Many manufacturers claim that contact lenses can be used from 3 years. But in fact, individually, it is worth thinking about how ready your child is for contact lenses. In the event that he does not rub his eyes, does not put dirty fingers on them, you can try.
It is best to pick contact lenses for teens. No one will know that they have vision problems, and this is very important for them. And a significant advantage will be really effective image correction.
The disadvantage of lenses is not only their high cost in comparison with glasses, but also the need for more thorough care. Otherwise, there is a high risk of infection.
Gymnastics for the eyes
It is shown to absolutely all children, even those who do not have vision problems. With the help of gymnastics you can not only correct noticeably fallen eyesight, but also stop the development of the disease.
As gymnastic exercises are used:
- open and close eyes;
- visually draw a circle;
- blink for 10 seconds;
- close your eyes for a few seconds and relax;
- follow your fingertip;
- look at the object, then into the distance, then close.
Apparatus treatment of astigmatism in children
Recently, hardware treatment methods have become increasingly common. They are shown to preschool children and schoolchildren. They are not used for children of a younger age. Using the device you can significantly improve your own vision and to ensure that the disease stops progressing.
In the form of devices often use:
- magnetic therapy;
- radiation therapy;
- massage glasses;
- infrared laser.
Each applied method and option has both its disadvantages and advantages. On which of the options to stop, it is necessary to decide only to the attending physician. It is he who knows the whole picture of the development of the disease.
One of the most popular methods, which in some cases helps to completely restore your own vision. Surgical pressure is applied to the eyeball or lens. After the operation, a sharp improvement in the general condition of the body is noticed.
It is extremely important to note the fact that eye surgery is possible only after reaching the age of 18 years. The surgeon initially conducts the examination, makes sure that the procedure is necessary, and then makes sure that all other treatments have been tried.
Only after this can one finally understand that surgery is extremely necessary.
There are several types of operational procedures:
- laser coagulation.
The specialist chooses the option of surgical intervention, depending on the nature of the problem, the type of disease.
The prognosis of astigmatism in children
How much a baby’s pathology develops depends on the nature of the problem itself. In the event that the disease is considered congenital, then the probability of 50 to 50. It will either completely disappear by 1 year of life, or develop into a more serious pathology.
In order for the development of pathology associated with vision, did not occur quickly enough, it is necessary to contact a specialist in a short time. Therefore, in the event that even if the ophthalmologist noticed a problem in the newborn, parents should always remember this.
As long as the baby is an infant, he does not need treatment or adjustment. However, he is in dire need of more thorough inspection. Therefore, it is possible to come in a few months and check with a specialist.
Often, astigmatism in children can develop from birth to 7 years of age; by school age, the problem can disappear completely. But this will happen only if the parents pay attention to it.
In most cases, it should be noted that the prognosis for astigmatism in children is extremely favorable, which means that it is subject to adjustment and full restoration of vision.
Dr. Komarovsky is confident that parents should be familiar with simple rules that will help them reduce the risk of astigmatism in their child.
These preventive measures include:
- Till 3 months it is not necessary to hang up a merry-go-round and bright toys in the crib of the baby.
For the time being he cannot consider them; accordingly, they will be presented to him only as a stain. Perhaps the baby will dream of looking at the spot and will begin to peer deeply, which will significantly affect the quality of vision. Upon reaching 3 months of age, you can install a special musical children's mobile, but the distance to it should not be less than 50 centimeters.
- Do not be afraid of the bright light bulbs.
Many parents do not include his newborn, creating a favorable muffled atmosphere. But it is comfortable only for adults. Children should be able to distinguish between bright and muted color, and do it best by using light bulbs at night. Do not worry that the baby is hurt.
- Up to 3 months, Komarovsky advises buying toys for his children in mostly yellow and green colors.
These are the shades that favorably affect the organs of vision. Upon reaching 6 months, you can purchase other colors. All toys should be bright and colorful. It is a wide color palette that will help your child learn how to navigate in colors.
- Do not allow your child to sit too long at a computer or TV.
1-2 hours a day will be quite enough for entertainment. The rest of the time should be devoted to the development of physical, mental, walks in the fresh air.
- Teach your baby to sit properly during class.
Make sure that the child does not bow and does not bow his head.
- After a hard school day, teach your child how to do special exercises for the eyes.
It will help relieve tension not only in a patient, but also in a healthy child.
- Pay attention to the room illumination.
This is extremely important for schoolchildren.
Healthy children are very often the merit of parents. The child does not know much and does not understand. The task of adults is to give the right knowledge and understanding. Therefore, initially inform the child about the possible consequences associated with astigmatism.
Научите своих детей ряду профилактических мер, которые помогут справиться с трудными ситуациями. Otherwise, the child may have a complex associated with the wearing of glasses or lenses. in order to save the child from such consequences, it is worth carrying out gymnastic exercises, to observe the norms of lighting.
In the future, the child will only say thanks to his parents for the sense of responsibility and health that he has. Astimagism in children is a pathology that can be corrected. Therefore, it must be detected in the early stages to fight it.