According to statistics, 30% of girls at birth fall ill with ureaplasma. This disease can be safely considered conditional, since it can exist for a long time in the body without manifesting itself. In addition, in the early stages it is difficult to diagnose, which makes the treatment itself difficult.
In any case, ureaplasma in children requires immediate treatment, which means the need to consult a qualified specialist.
Causes and Risk Factors
Ureaplasmosis is one of those infections that is most contagious. It is very easy to catch a newborn baby. Most often the infection is transmitted through the birth canal. A woman during pregnancy is difficult to cure the virus, because for a long time she can not take antibiotics. With the help of them you can solve your problem.
Therefore, a woman should take care of her health before pregnancy. She needs to undergo a thorough examination, including finding out if there are viral infections in her body. If they exist, the doctor advises to fully cure initially, and only then proceed to the planning of the child.
Fortunately, not being in a position, a woman gets rid of a urinogenital infection much easier, easier and faster. This is due to a wide range of drugs that she can take.
Ureaplasma during pregnancy begins to be treated only from week 20. It is believed that during this time the main organs of the baby were formed. And his treatment will not be able to harm his health.
When a woman does not know that she is a peddler of the infection, the risk of having a baby with the disease is high. Baby can infect through the placenta, which gradually penetrates the virus.
The most common infections are those whose pregnant mothers suffered from:
- reduced immunity;
- frequent antibiotics;
- catarrhal and viral diseases.
Due to the weakened immunity of these mothers and the undermined state of health, the body is unable to either fight or restrain the urinary infection. In this regard, there is a risk of infection of the child.
Infection can enter the child’s body in two ways: through the urogenital system and the mouth. When a bacterium takes possession of a child, it can both manifest itself immediately or lay low for a long time.
Often the time of infection is from 2 days to several months. Infection, existing in the child’s body, is difficult for them. She begins to damage those organs that meet her on the way. Therefore, it is necessary to diagnose the disease in time in order to get rid of it sooner.
Complications and consequences
The most obvious consequence of infection with ureaplasma will be low weight and premature birth. The walls of the uterus will begin to expand early, which will contribute to labor.
In addition, there are a number of other complications:
- blood poisoning;
- inflammation of the genitals;
These effects are the most serious that can be caused by urogenital infection. Once infected by it in childhood, the girl will never be able to have children in the future. That is why so often doctors talk about the need to treat a pregnant woman.
Unfortunately, in the early stages of the disease will not be able to diagnose. It can be characterized as another urinary infection. Ureaplasma is often confused with thrush or cystitis.
Very often, women are unaware of the fact that a viral infection thrives in their bodies. To help determine it will be highly skilled.
Among other things, the clinical picture may be in such symptoms as:
- persistent cough (with no signs of ARVI);
- sharp weight loss;
- lack of appetite;
- pain while urinating.
In the event that the disease is detected only six months or a year later, this means that it will leave incurable effects in the body. For example, infertility.
If even insignificant vaginal discharge is detected, it is worthwhile to immediately consult a specialist for help.
Two specialists can cure urogenital infection: a pediatrician and a dermatologist-venereologist. It is better if you seek advice from the latter. It is a sexual infection and are its direct specialization.
Diagnosis is as follows:
- examination by a specialist;
- talk about the existing clinical picture with parents;
- blood test;
- urine test;
- scraping research;
- intake of cerebrospinal fluid.
According to the results of tests and bacteriological research, a specialist can judge the development of urinary infection in the child’s body.
The danger of the disease in childhood
According to statistics, 70% of children with congenital abnormalities have ureaplasmosis in the body. This suggests that the infection could in one way or another affect the health of the baby.
There are isolated cases when ureaplasmosis was the result of a fatal outcome.
High probability of infection of the lesion of the nervous system. Very often, the bacterium affects the liver and kidneys. Subsequently, these children at an early age may form a cyst.
For girls, ureaplasmosis leads to infertility, which in adulthood is an incurable problem.
The presence of the urogenital infection itself can cause a reduced immunity. In this state of health, other bacterial infections and diseases easily manifest themselves.
Treatment of the disease
In childhood, it is imperative to diagnose the disease in time and begin treatment. The infection is quite tricky, because it quickly adapts to antibiotics. Before the appointment of therapy, the doctor does not just take tests, but also conducts research on the reaction of the infection to a particular drug.
Pregnant women for up to 29 weeks are prescribed Erythromycin ointment. It is taken vaginally. After 30 weeks, the effectiveness of the drug decreases.
In order to eliminate the infection in a child, complex therapy is applied to it, including probiotics, vitamins, adaptogens, enzymes. These drugs support immunity and help the infection not to spread to the liver, kidneys and other organs.
According to statistics, ureaplasma affects more newborn girls than boys. Their reproductive system is less protected, and therefore may become a high risk of infection with a bacterial infection.
Often, the body of a newborn alone cope with the infection. This can only help a strong immunity, obtained from birth. If this is not the case, then complex therapy is necessary.