Every healthy woman has a certain menstrual cycle. It depends on him how well the egg matures and grows.
A woman with menstruation is capable of reproducing offspring. An important concept in the period itself is ovulation. It depends on her reproductive ability of women.
What is the female cycle?
Any female cycle is characterized by several phases. It can be from 26 to 28 calendar days. The first and most important phase of the period is menstruation. It is from her first day that the countdown to the next cycle begins.
The second phase is conventionally called estrogen. It lasts from 10 to 12 days. The ovum gradually matures, becomes capable of giving birth to a new life.
In the third stage, a special hormone enters estrogen, which increases the volume of follicular fluid. The egg cell does not stand up and explodes. This moment can be considered ovulation. In 24 hours fertilization of the egg can occur. If in the appointed time the egg does not meet with the sperm, it dies.
The last and final moment of any female period is called progesterone. There is no fertilization, as a consequence, the level of progesterone in the blood increases, after which the next menstruation occurs.
In medicine, there is such a thing as fertility. This is exactly the period when ovulation occurs.
To determine the fertile window, you must be guided by special criteria:
- The presence of abundant mucous secretions.
- The mucus turns into a well-stretching and vitreous fluid. To check this, you need to hold the mucus between your fingers and make sure that it stretches well in all directions.
- Discomfort in the mammary glands.
- Increased sexual desire.
- Abdominal pain (lower part of it).
These are signs indicating a so-called fertile window.
On which day of the cycle does ovulation occur?
In order to determine the exact date of onset of ovulation, you must rely on your own cycle. In the event that women have a regular female period, it will be easy to do. At 28 days of the cycle, ovulation occurs on day 14. However, this is only in the absence of diseases, abnormalities and pathologies.
If the body fails, which can happen even with increased physical exertion or stress, then ovulation can occur as before, on day 11, and later, on day 20 of the cycle.
Changes in women's health may be related to the following factors:
- antibiotic treatment;
- long illness;
- sports loads;
These criteria can reduce fertility, so you should count not only on the total number of days of the period, but also based on the test, simple signs.
|No. p / p||Cycle name||Number of days||Ovulation|
(on which day of the cycle)
|1||Long cycle||from 40 to 45 days||on day 26||For a more accurate calculation during a long cycle, it will be necessary to subtract 14 of the total number of days.|
|2||Average cycle||28-30 days||13-15 days||It is necessary to rely on a special test for ovulation, which takes into account the individual characteristics of the body.|
|3||Short cycle||25-26 days||on the 11-12th day||Often, ovulation occurs immediately after menstruation.|
|4||Irregular cycle||from the maximum cycle subtract 11, and from the minimum 14||One of the most difficult options, in which for conception you will need to keep a special table in which not only the dates of the onset of menstruation, but also ovulation are recorded.|
Home Ways to Determine Ovulation
To determine the exact period of possible conception is not enough to be guided by numbers. Each individual organism, which may not be subject to the rules established by doctors and scientists.
Therefore, when determining ovulation, it is better to use additional methods:
- Analyze the temperature graph - every morning, without getting out of bed, you want to measure the basal temperature. Elevated levels of progesterone will indicate a high temperature and, as a consequence, the onset of the ovulation period.
- External signs (heavy mucous discharge, chest pain, sexual desire).
- Special test for ovulation - it can be purchased at the pharmacy. The test is easy enough to use when immersed in morning urine. The test shows a high proportion of probability.
- Microscopic analysis.
Accurate diagnosis - folliculometry
Ultrasound diagnosis, otherwise known as folliculometry, is considered one of the most accurate methods. Thanks to her, you can understand whether ovulation occurred during a certain period and when it was. Folliculometry helps to conceive a child, because with its help you can plan successful days.
Ultrasound diagnostics allows not only to plan the birth of a child, but even to influence his gender. It is believed that it is in the days of ovulation that there are more chances to give birth to a male child. But a few days before and after ovulation there is a chance to make a girl.
There are several options for the procedure. They depend on the type of problem. The first method is conventional ultrasound diagnostics, in which problem areas are determined on the open surface of the abdomen using a special sensor.
The second technique is vaginal. A condom is put on the device and injected into a woman. Inside they look at problem areas and determine the cycle and the presence of ovulation.
Ultrasound diagnosis is a popular service because it helps many women to get pregnant as soon as possible. With its help it is possible to establish the reasons for which conception did not occur.
If necessary, the cycle and the fertility itself is determined. This is the latest method in medical practice, which even allows you to monitor the treatment of infertility.
Determining the days of the ovulation cycle is important if the family plans to have a baby. A woman should know for sure when favorable days will come in her cycle. They will be responsible for the birth of the firstborn. In addition, using ovulation, you can try to adjust the sex of the child.