The tick is a dangerous insect for both adults and children. It does not just bite through the skin, but also sucks blood, is a carrier of many infectious diseases. Ticks are valid from about April to October. They love the heat, so in the cold season they are simply impossible to meet.
The frequency of their settlement mainly depends on the region. In some areas, ticks are a real problem for many residents. Someone does not know what it is until it falls into the woods. Parents should know what mites look like, how to recognize and remove from a child’s body.
What is dangerous tick bite?
The tick is one of the most dangerous insects. The threat lies in the infections that he suffers. Sometimes, they can be fatal.
The tick bite is completely invisible. However, its consequences are dire. Insect can cause encephalitis. This is a disease that will bring fever, fever and fever.
Often, it even in our time leads to death. When a bite in the body enters the saliva, which just contains a similar infection. 5-7% of all bites are accompanied by a similar disease.
Some insects carry such an infection as borrelia. It affects the nervous system. As a result, arthritis, dermatitis and heart disease may develop. In particularly infected regions, up to 90% of all insects carry borreliosis.
One of the most severe types of fever, which is accompanied by itching, rash, fever. Children experience fever and chills. In severe conditions, the infection affects the kidneys and liver. Often insects with such an infection are the carrier of a whole bunch of problems.
As a rule, if several infections get into the body at once, an immediate appeal to the doctor for help is required.
Symptoms and signs
Parents should be attentive to the health of the child, so as not to miss the dire consequences. First of all, after a walk in the park or forest, inspect the entire body of the baby. Ticks, as a rule, hide in the ear zones, on the head (under the hair), on the chest, on the neck. This is where the animal feels safe.
A bite always has a delineated line that looks like a red circle. It happens that the male falls off himself, having satiated himself with the human body. In most cases, females try to stay with the baby for a long time. They will definitely be in the center of the red circle. Redness around the bite is an allergic reaction that does not cause discomfort.
Within 5-6 hours after the bite, the first symptoms will appear. Initially there will be weakness, lethargy and apathy. Then the temperature rises, and with lightning speed from 37 degrees to 39. In some cases, lymph nodes swell. Be sure to tick bite requires seeking help from a specialist.
What to do when a tick bite?
After an insect bite, parents must necessarily and urgently seek help from a medical institution.
However, as long as they cause an ambulance or are outside the access zone, it is worthwhile to carry out primary care, which will help reduce the risk of infection or the development of infection.
- Carefully reach the insect.
- Anoint the wound and bite mark with the strongest antiseptic.
- Give available antibiotics and one antiviral agent, it will help reduce the risk of developing an infection.
- Call an ambulance.
- On day 11 after infection, donate blood to identify problems.
- Within 30 days to monitor the health of the baby, with the existing deviations immediately contact the hospital.
How to pull a tick?
It is important to work as quickly and efficiently as possible. The longer the insect is in the body, the greater the risk of infection. Therefore, try to act as quickly as possible in this situation, choosing the most successful method.
There are several options. Previously it was believed that to extract the oil should pour on the affected area. You should not do this, as the tick will start to suffocate, it will experience additional aggression, and as a result it will release saliva, which contains the main number of infections.
The best ways are:
- Durable thread - you need to make a special loop into which to insert an insect sticking out of the body.
Tighten the loop as tightly as possible, but without damaging the tick, turn it loopwise clockwise or counterclockwise. With a slight movement, remove the tick from the body.
- Tweezers - using tweezers, grab the tick, while as close as possible to the very head.
Rotate the parasite 5 times clockwise and gently pull.
Whichever method is used, it is necessary before pulling the parasite, you need to rotate it several times.
After the insect is pulled out of the body, it is worth carrying out a thorough treatment. Apply harnesses and bandages is not necessary.
Processing is carried out using:
- hydrogen peroxide.
Please note that these are the tools that are available in the first-aid kit of each person.
Prevention and protection measures
The best way to deal with ticks is to protect yourself from them before the bite. Fortunately, modern drugs allow you to do this without any problems.
- Vaccination against encephalitis - it does not protect against the bite itself, but it will help to cope with the infection that the parasite will release.
That is, the bite itself will not bear any negative impact.
- When hiking in the forest, choose clothes that completely cover your arms and legs.
Pay attention to the head unit.
- Stop your choice on clothing white shades of a sliding fabric.
White tones will allow time to detect parasites. But the sliding fabric will not allow the insect to catch.
- Apply tick repellent to clothing.
They are quite poisonous and resistant, so children do not apply them to the skin.
- Make a mixture of oil from rosemary, mint and cloves.
Such a tool will help scare away insects.
- Carefully look after the walk, while paying attention to the baskets that you took with you.
Once on the basket, the tick can jump over to the human body.
- Refuse to visit the forest with newborns and babies.
They are harder to bear the infection.
Vaccination against tick for children
This vaccination is not mandatory, it is put only after 3 years. She does not guarantee that the parasite will never bite. But the child will be able to transfer the infection in a milder form or not to notice it at all.
Especially it is recommended to put it in those areas or places of residence where the highest peak of activity of this parasite is shown. After vaccination, the baby may experience an allergic reaction that does not require treatment. In a fairly short time, this problem will pass.
Mite can be a carrier of dangerous infections. Therefore, limit your visit to the forest. Going for a walk in this area, observe all precautions. Know that parasites love vigorous activity in the morning and evening. They are afraid of heat and rain.
Therefore, in such weather they are not met in the woods. After the bite, you will definitely need to pass tests to make sure that there is no infection in the body.