The fertile period is the time in the female body when there is a maximum chance of getting pregnant. It includes ovulation, five days before and one day after.
Any woman who wants to get pregnant, should accurately determine the date of ovulation. After all, this is a possible day in which it will be possible to conceive a child. The ovulatory period can be determined not only with the help of a mathematical calculation, but also in the presence of characteristic signs and symptoms.
Signs of ovulation
As soon as a young girl has a permanent menstrual cycle, she can notice changes in her health state, occurring around the middle of the cycle. This is due to the onset of the fertile period.
In 90% of women, the signs of ovulation are natural, they do not mean pathology. In 10% of women, due to the characteristic symptoms, it is possible to detect obvious disorders related to women's health.
A minimal proportion of women do not experience signs and symptoms of ovulation. This is not a serious rejection or violation. Rather, it says about the complexity of conception, because the fertile period can only be determined with the help of a test and an ultrasound.
Increase in basal temperature
Basal body temperature is an indicator of the lowest temperature, which is determined at rest. The method of determination is vaginal.
A woman needs to keep a special diary throughout the entire month, where the temperature is measured vaginally from morning to bed. The lowest figure will be the period of ovulation.
In order to determine accurate data, it is necessary to repel at least 2 months of daily measurement of basal temperature.
Change in cervical mucus
Mucus is a natural fluid exiting the female body. She goes throughout the female period. However, an approach to ovulation means a change in the nature of the mucus. It becomes more viscous, elastic and slippery.
To check the cervical mucus on these indicators, it is worth stretching it between the thumb and index finger. The consistency you immediately realize that ovulation has begun. Externally, the mucus becomes similar to egg white, which leaves parts.
With age, the amount of mucus decreases. If at the age of 20-25 years old, cervical mucus is observed throughout the entire fertile period, then after 30 it does not linger for more than 1-2 days. This suggests a lower ability to conceive.
Changes in the position of the cervix
An important role during conception has a cervix. In a favorable period, it opens and contributes to a more rapid entry of sperm into the vagina. For the rest of the time, the cervix is closed, without sperm passing further.
Externally, it is impossible to determine the position of the cervix. This requires inspection. The specialist will be able to tell you how soon you will ovulate. If the cervix is low and palpable easily, then the fertile period will not come soon.
But if the cervix is high enough, soft and loose to the touch, then ovulation has occurred.
An infrequent symptom that occurs only in a small percentage of women. During ovulation, some may detect a daub or small bloody discharge. Pay attention to their small amount.
In the case of an increase in blood, heavy discharge within a few days, consult a specialist. The doctor should rule out infection and ectopic pregnancy.
If spotting is small in nature, then you should not worry. This is a normal process, which means that progesterone levels have increased in the body.
Increased sex drive
Some women say that they can understand ovulation by increased sexual desire. There is nothing strange in this, since the organism preparing for conception gives a quite reasonable signal to the brain. He says that it is necessary to continue the race. As a consequence, there is increased sexual desire.
However, in this case it is worth being careful. After all, none of the doctors calls such a sign the only true one. Accordingly, it is impossible to judge only the beginning or end of the fertile period. It is possible that your sexual desire is associated with a good mood or a glass of champagne.
Increase breast volume
The ovulatory period is characterized by an increase in hormones in the blood of any woman. This is reflected, first of all, by changes in the chest. They increase, there is a special sensitivity.
Pain in the nipples can persist until the end of the menstrual cycle.
Lower abdominal pain
Both during ovulation and during menstruation, a woman may experience abdominal pain. However, their character is completely different.
If during ovulation pain is characterized as a short and severe spasm, then during menstruation the pain is aching.
The cause of such a strong spasm is the follicle, which after its maturation causes a stretching of the abdominal muscles. During ovulation, the follicle bursts, releasing the egg. At this time, the pain passes.
Heightened sense of smell
Some women may indicate a change in taste and smell.
Surprisingly, during ovulation, the male pheromone is the most pleasant and attractive odor for women. On normal days of the cycle, this hormone causes only a negative reaction in a woman.
Women with perfect pressure during ovulation can detect a slight bloating. It is associated with elevated levels of the hormone estrogen in the body. It contributes to water retention, as a result, the abdominal swelling occurs.
Immediately after ovulation, this symptom passes unnoticed.
During the fertile period, an increase in luteinizing hormone occurs in a woman’s body. Due to this, crystallization of saliva is detected. View with your own eyes will not succeed. For the study of this feature will need a microscope.
At the beginning of the cycle, a woman’s saliva has a scattered appearance, resembling droplets. In the middle of the cycle, some drops acquire a more complex appearance, mating with each other. Ovulation itself makes saliva resemble frost on glass.
Test strips for determining ovulation
In that case, if there are no characteristic signs and symptoms of the onset of ovulation, women resort to test strips. You can buy them in free access in pharmacies.
The strips are advised to use with the highest concentration of urine in the body (exclude going to the toilet for 3-4 hours). Most women use the strip only in the morning, immediately after waking up.
On the test is a special strip. During the study appears the second. It should be exactly the same color as the main strip. If the color is the same or darker, then ovulation has occurred.
The most obvious and characteristic signs by which ovulation can be determined are measurements of basal temperature and changes in the consistency of cervical mucus. Ovulation, as a rule, with a constant cycle occurs approximately in the middle of the month, 15-16 days after the end of menstruation.