When a child is sick, it is quite difficult for parents to experience this. It is especially hard when an infection is found in a baby. Intestinal pathogens enter the body and almost completely change the overall condition of the baby. Immediately, lethargy, apathy, nausea, and diarrhea occur.
This is only an incomplete list of symptoms that appear along with intestinal infection. It affects the gastrointestinal tract. Both adults and very young children are susceptible to this disease.
But, of course, where children are sick more often, because they have a weakened immunity and more unsuitable intestines. The body of the child immediately reacts sharply to all the problems that arise in his body.
Causes of intestinal infection in children
The reasons that formed the basis of the baby’s disease are quite understandable and logical.
Often they lie in the simplest, namely:
- eating expired food;
- dirty hands;
- poor water;
- changes in dietary habits;
- viral disease.
Of course, the most common reason is the lack of sanitary and hygienic standards. And this means that the child first plays in the sand, then eats bread with dirty hands.
Accordingly, along with the food, all infections and bacteria that were in the sand enter the body. The kid doesn't think about it at all. Therefore, the task of parents to teach their child to wash their hands as often as possible.
Often, the prevalence in a group of children also serves as a cause. This is especially true for kindergarten groups, where it is enough to get sick for one child, as the rest of the children immediately pick up a number of symptoms.
Classification of intestinal infections in children
Intestinal infection has a wide range of actions. The same disease can occur in different ways. It will depend on what kind of illness your child has. In addition, for high-quality and effective treatment it is necessary not only to give a medicine, but also to classify the problem.
Dysentery in children
Infection does not develop in the body immediately, the duration can reach up to 7 days. That is, it is not necessary to search for the reason that prompted a malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract, the day before, perhaps it has developed in the body for quite a long time. During dysentery, there is a strong increase in temperature, up to 40 degrees.
In addition, sharp and sharp pains in the abdomen occur immediately, accompanied by nausea or vomiting. Often, liquid stools with impurities of mucus and even blood. The number of trips to the toilet can increase up to 20 times per day.
In this case, the parents need to urgently sound the alarm, because dehydration is possible. A side effect of the acute degree of dysentery is the hemorrhoidal state.
Salmonellosis in children
According to statistics, more than 80% of children with intestinal infections suffer from salmonellosis. It is an acute infectious disease characterized by loose stools, in rare cases nausea. Pains in the abdomen join this. The color of the chair is swamp green.
Trips to the toilet vary up to 10 times. Salmonellosis, in most cases, is completely cured in a fairly short time. However, it is very dangerous for infants. It can end for them fatal. Therefore, the parents act when a problem is detected as soon as possible.
Escherichiosis in children
In this group of infection, the baby has increased weakness, fatigue and apathy. A characteristic symptom is frequent nausea and vomiting. Diarrhea occurs in the most extreme cases and is bloody in nature.
As for vomiting, it reaches up to 10 times a day. The investigator, children after such a postponed condition, have yellow skin, sunken eyeballs and total apathy towards the world around them.
Rotavirus infection in children
An acute illness in which all of the clear and pronounced symptoms appear on the same day. The total time of illness is up to 3 days. A completely healthy and vigorous baby initially a few hours before the onset of the acute form of the disease, may show weakness, drowsiness, and a bit of a little fun.
At the same time, the first catarrhal syndromes in the form of snot are often manifested. Then after a few hours, sharp stomach pains, nausea, and severe vomiting occur immediately. All this can be supplemented and increased body temperature.
Parents notice the defeat of two parts of the body at once: the nasopharynx and the stomach. The child begins to suffer from diarrhea and copious runny nose.
Staphylococcal intestinal infection in children
When detecting staphylococcal sticks, long-term treatment is necessary. The disease is characterized by a wave-like character, which means the child will seem healthy for one day, and on the second all the syndromes of the disease will reappear. A staphylococcal bacillus can enter the body through food as well as through the respiratory tract.
In the second case, the infection is much stronger and more serious. In such situations, quarantine is announced in kindergarten groups. Staphylococcus manifests itself in the form of nausea, vomiting, loose stools, and increased body temperature.
Often the severe course of the disease is accompanied by purulent otitis, sinusitis. Occasionally, a staph infection can be recognized only after taking serious laboratory tests and tests.
Symptoms of intestinal infection in children
Signs of an intestinal infection depend on the type of disease.
However, there are similar criteria that allow us to understand that a child has problems associated with the gastrointestinal tract:
- High body temperature - from 38 to 39 degrees. In the case of intestinal problems, the temperature rises sharply and is always on the verge. Therefore, if the baby has a temperature of 37-37.5 degrees, then we are talking about a completely different disease.
- Vomiting - up to 6 times per day. At the same time, it occurs abruptly, immediately after acute pain in the stomach.
- Frequent regurgitation, belching - this may be harbingers of further vomiting.
- Liquid stools, diarrhea with blood or mucus - the number of trips to the toilet can reach 15-20 times.
- Apathy, lethargy.
- Problems with the Central Nervous System.
- Runny nose
- Pain during stool, which is accompanied by the crying of the child.
Loose stools during an infectious disease are very different from those that occur with a normal illness.
Indications for calling a doctor
Most infectious diseases occur at home. At the same time, no additional drugs are required. All that a child needs is peace, plentiful drinking and sorbents that will help remove toxins from his body.
However, in some cases, the intervention of medical personnel is required.
- the child does not drink water, after drinking drunk immediately;
- bloody ducts in defecation;
- frequent and sharp abdominal pain;
- frequent nausea and vomiting.
All these symptoms speak only about the need to urgently call the medical staff. This means that the baby has come a serious and possible critical stage of the disease, which requires treatment with drugs.
In such cases, antibiotics are used, children are given a drip, and they are often satisfied with gastric lavage.
Dehydration of the child's body
It is important to ensure that your baby does not become dehydrated. This is the most common reason for contacting an ambulance. Give as much simple drinking water as possible. In the event that the child did not go to the toilet for 6 hours or more, you can safely ask for help in an ambulance.
First of all, doctors will inject a liquid intravenously, thereby helping to establish a water balance in the body.
Dehydration can be a serious and serious complication that will harm the entire body of a child. Therefore, if parents find an acute intestinal infection in their son or daughter, then immediately it is necessary to give the baby as much water as possible.
This may be ordinary drinking boiled water or apple compote. During the day, you need to drink 1-1,5 liters of pure liquid.
In the event that there is a rejection of the liquid (this happens very often), then the parents themselves have to pour in with a special syringe. To do this, fill the syringe with water, press it against the cheek and squeeze out the water.
At one time you can pour several full syringes. Thus, you will be able to fill the water balance in the body and protect yourself from the problems associated with dehydration.
Diagnosis of intestinal infections in children
Initially, the problem is diagnosed in several stages. It is necessary to ask the mother of the general clinical picture of the course of the disease. Mom should watch as carefully as possible for her child in order to report, with a high degree of accuracy, that it hurts the baby.
After examining a specialist and mother's research, the doctor makes a primary diagnosis. It may not be as accurate as it does not rely on validated laboratory tests.
Immediately the specialist writes directions for:
- bacteriological crops - they are taken from defecation or vomit, water, with which the stomach was washed;
- serological methods - by means of which the microorganism or specific bodies are detected in the blood;
- polymerase chain reaction - fast analysis, the result of the presence of fungi and bacteria that get immediately on the spot.
These are the most popular diagnostic methods that are effective, confirm or refute the original diagnosis.
Treatment of intestinal infections in children
The most important treatment aimed at the recovery of the baby will be the completion of water-salt balance. In the process of illness, the child loses a large amount of fluid and salt, which means that it must be immediately replaced with a new one, without bacteria. This can be done with the help of rehydron.
White powder is diluted in a liter of boiled water, cooled and drunk throughout the day. Regidron should be drunk from 1 to 3 days. After at least one day you can drink 1 liter of saline liquid, the next day you will notice an improvement in the general condition of the body.
In addition to the rehydron, the kid needs to drink ordinary liquid. It becomes drinking water or a compote of apples.
When increased diarrhea or vomiting begins, doctors prescribe neosmectin. It is diluted in 50 milliliters of boiled liquid and drink 1 powder per day. Although the rate may vary depending on the weight and age of the small patient. Neosmectin can be consumed for a long time of illness.
During the entire time of treatment, it is necessary to drink away medicines that are capable of killing the pathogen. They become enterofuril. It is an active French medicinal product, available in the form of drops and capsules. The latter can be easily diluted with water and given to children in the first years of life. Enterofuril should drink all the packaging (10 pieces).
In order to restore the overall microflora of the body, it is worth asking for treatment and to prebiotics. These are the means by which beneficial bacteria enter the intestine, multiply and create a quality environment.
The prebiotics include Bifidumbacterin Forte. The advantage of prebiotics is their form. They are produced, as a rule, in the form of powders that must be diluted in water.
In the event that it is found that the food has become worse to digest and in rare heavy pathologies, enzymes are assigned that will help the food to digest. In their quality serves pancreatin, mezim.
Diet for intestinal infections in children
The first question that interests the parents is how to feed their children. In fact, a diet in the form of a hunger strike with an intestinal infection is contraindicated. The child must eat well to receive nutrients and have the strength to further fight infections.
Diet is as follows:
- vegetable broth soup;
- baked apples;
- dry biscuits;
It is worth refusing excessively fried, salty, smoked, dried food. Everything should be fresh, cooked only once. Exclude from the diet and those products that may cause flatulence. For example, it is necessary to refrain from cabbage and grapes.
After recovery in the child's diet, you can gradually enter the available products. The diet should be followed and within one to two weeks after the complete cure of an intestinal infection.
The prognosis and prevention of intestinal infections in children
Parents need to teach their children a number of comprehensive preventive measures that will help to escape from intestinal infections.
Such measures include:
- Hygienic procedures of the hands (wash after each walk, upon coming home from the garden).
- Do not eat raw eggs in the diet (they often find staphylococcal sticks).
- Abandon the use of whole cow milk.
- Heat-treat meat. Do not give the child the meat of medium or weak roasting.
- Food only stored in the refrigerator. If there is a suspicious smell, then you should immediately abandon its use. Not everything that has been in the fridge for too long.
- Always look at the shelf life of all products you purchase in the store. Children can eat only the freshest. So give up all sorts of stocks at discounted prices. Often they mean only expired food.
- Keep the house clean, do wet cleaning 1-2 times a week.
- All fruits and vegetables should be washed with water before eating.
Often, the prognosis for treating intestinal infection is favorable. But it is possible only if the parents were able to replenish the water-salt balance and provide the necessary sorbents. Please note that if after a day the baby is not better, then you should definitely call the attending doctor.
Often, dehydration goes unnoticed. It can have serious consequences in infants, including deaths.
In our time, an intestinal infection will heal with proper and complex measures. But in the event that the parents neglected the treatment itself, then one should not even hope for an effective result.
Self-medication or experience of professionals?
In case parents found an intestinal infection in their offspring, a quite reasonable question arises as to how to carry out the treatment. Regarding this issue there is a lot of controversy. It is necessary to make a reservation about one thing for sure, treatment is required immediately.
So, the first thing that Mom and Dad need to do is to bring down the temperature with antipyretic drugs, give a sorbent. Activated carbon, lactofiltrum or neosmectin can act as a sorbent.
Then the next step will be the rehydron, which will help save from dehydration. Here it is already a matter of the parents to call an ambulance or not. If there is no frequent vomiting or diarrhea, then medical services can be waived. With proper treatment after a day should overtake relief.
The disadvantages of hospital care include the possibility of infection with other infections. This happens quite often when the child is sent to the hospital with some problems, and he leaves it with others. All this is due to weakened immunity.
And in different beds can be children with similar symptoms, but completely different diseases. As a result, they are mixed and you get a really explosive mixture. Therefore, the first day is better to still stay at home and resort to permanent treatment.
Even if the child does not want to drink water, the task of the parents is to pour liquid into it. It is after this and get an effective treatment. Within a day, you can call the attending physician and consult on a further set of measures to eliminate problems.
In addition, the specialist will send the patient to tests, with the help of which you can find out the severity of the disease and its classification.
Nevertheless, it is worthwhile for mothers of infants to seek medical help as soon as possible. They are most susceptible to the severe nature of the disease. In order to save the child from a serious course of the disease, you should immediately seek help from the medical staff.
Many parents subsequently wonder whether the child has immunity to intestinal infection. This is definitely impossible to say. The World Health Organization names several dozen pathogens that cause intestinal disease.
As a result, the child can experience only one bacterium and an infection that has become a nidus of fire. Accordingly, he may develop immunity to it, but as for the rest of the bacteria, it is quite possible for them to avoid escape in the following diseases.
But one thing is for sure: a child who has had an intestinal infection at least once does not experience such strong and serious problems a second time.
Intestinal infection in children is expressed quite clearly and does not go away without symptoms. Родители, не являясь профессионалами, могут спокойно добиться удовлетворительного состояния у ребенка. Действовать необходимо незамедлительно и строго соблюдая заявленные требования.