About 20-30 years ago, even though TVs were in every home, parents did not watch them all the time. Now there is such a thing as a TV, which plays the background. In addition, the children of the 90s needed to wait a certain time and day to watch cartoons on the program schedule.
Now with the help of the Internet and special children's channels you can watch TV all the time. But nevertheless, before turning on the TV for your child, you should understand how necessary it is.
TV and baby: can you watch or not?
Many mothers point out that an infant, as soon as he hears TV and sees its light, immediately calms down. Of course, this moment is very like parents. But how correct is it and does the TV harm the unformed person?
A lot of specialists understand this: pediatricians, neurologists, psychologists and ophthalmologists. They study the effect of television on the body of a newborn, trying to understand and appreciate its harm and benefit.
Features of view of infants
In the first month of his life, the crumb sees nothing. Absolutely all objects and people for him are represented in the form of spots. Mom, he recognizes the smell and voice. Surprisingly, the baby is able to quickly understand where his mother is and distinguish a friend from a stranger.
At about 3 months, color perception is formed, but the images are still blurry and fuzzy. Up to a certain age, any child has a vision defect, which is similar to farsightedness. By the age of 3, this condition disappears, and the crumb gets the normal quality of vision.
Newborns have weak eyeball muscles. This makes it difficult to focus. However, hearing the noise, and seeing distantly the light, they begin to strain the muscles, thereby provoking nerve endings. Often, as a result, strabismus develops in this background.
You can be sure that a very small crumb up to the age of 1 year absolutely does not understand what is happening on TV. Maximum, he can follow the bright light, and what is more logical, so it is for loud music. If you are sure that the child calms down just in front of the TV, then try replacing it with a music or audio fairy tale.
The harm and benefits of TV for babies
Absolutely proven that there is no use of TV for infants. They are not inclined to perceive what is happening on the screen. Therefore, even the most fashionable educational cartoon for children of this age will not lead to anything good, because the crumb just does not understand what is happening.
But still, this phenomenon has a whole range of drawbacks that adversely affect the development of the infant:
- The age of 1 year is the period when the baby is actively in need of his mother.
Putting the baby in front of the TV at such an early age, mother and child move away from each other. Scarce is no longer experiencing that state of complete satisfaction from being with his mother. He is much easier to sit and do nothing.
- Excessive hyperactivity or passivity - this medal has two sides.
Watching TV makes you sit for a while; energy goes nowhere and does not disappear. Accordingly, after a certain period of time, the baby must throw away the accumulated energy. Hence, there is such a condition as the body's hyperactivity. As for passivity, then for some babies the opposite is true. They sit for a long time, and then they don’t want anything at all. This way of life is so beginning to arrange that there are problems with peers or with health (obesity).
- Watching TV has a negative effect on the nervous system; this may manifest itself in the form of restless sleep or disorders, manifested as unreasonable hysteria and crying.
- Suspension in the development of speech - when the crumb watching television, he hears cartoon characters who communicate with each other.
The kid in this case is a bystander. The child is not involved in the process of communication, thus his speech activity is suspended.
No matter how many stories about the benefits of animated films, developing series, nothing is more useful than a mother with a book or a simple emotional conversation.
How to reassure a child without a TV?
There are many ways to help calm a child without a TV.
These include the following options:
- constant communication - no one has canceled the chores, they can and should be done with the baby. The main task is to comment on all your actions. Talk as much as you can to the little one, describing what you will do;
- walks in the fresh air - help to distract from the TV. In addition, they benefit all members of the family;
- books - with their help, the child learns to listen and develop memory. In the beginning you will not see any result, but this does not mean that you should stop reading. Read every day several times, but after 1 year you will notice the fruits of your activity when the child learns to talk and immediately tells a poem;
- educational games.
Of course, the mother wants to lie down and relax, but the first year of the baby’s life is very important. It is necessary to invest a lot in it in order to see positive results later. Do as much as you can with your baby, so that you don’t have any problems with development, training, or upbringing.
TV and children from 2 years
There are stereotypical misconceptions regarding TV. Dr. Komarovsky is convinced that in reality television will not bring anything good to children. It contributes to loss of visual acuity, nervous tension, a decline in mental activity and a decrease in physical activity.
In France, there is a ban on television for children under 5 years. In Russia, there is no such rule, and parents adhere only to their own views.
In addition, there are generally accepted errors in the world, which assure us of the benefits of television for children 2 years of age.
First of all, these are common educational animation films. In fact, the baby is much more useful to communicate with their peers or walk in the fresh air. As a rule, from such cartoons the child does not take out any information.
How to replace the TV?
From childhood, try to teach that watching TV is not the norm. It must be strictly regulated. Of course, in our time it is simply impossible to raise a teenager who has never watched TV.
The task of parents is to make the kid prefer other activities to watch TV. Of course, in the preschool years, certain cartoons and films are allowed under the supervision of parents.
But still the child should be able to have fun without a box. He must independently find a replacement. Therefore, teach your child to draw, sculpt, build. Do not worry, he will always be able to watch TV.
There is no specific criterion indicating the age allowed to watch TV. Dr. Komarovsky points out the need to comply with a number of circumstances and criteria.
For example, if a child is brought up in a family of alcoholics and drug addicts, then he will be much nicer and better to watch TV than on his dysfunctional parents. In the event that the crumbs are raised by a healthy and full-fledged family, it will be better if they find other ways to have fun than just watch TV.