A special state in the life of each person falls on adolescence. On the one hand, you are no longer a small child, but at the same time no one classifies you as an adult. Often it is this borderline state that puts pressure on the psyche of many teenagers.
Changes occur not only on the psycho-emotional level, but also on the physical condition. The girl gradually turns into a girl. These changes always begin abruptly and sometimes, even unexpectedly.
"A difficult age
The World Health Organization calls puberty a difficult age. Its complexity was reflected not only in the form of emotional disorders and psychological experiences, but also in obvious health problems. The reason for it lies in the hormonal changes in the body.
At this time, parents definitely need to acquire patience. The once calm baby, may begin to get mad and worry out of the blue. It would seem that he is not disturbed by anything and does not bother him, but even here there are a number of reasons that will hurt you.
In that case, if you want to negotiate with your child, then start with calm methods. First of all, in any case, do not pay attention to the second bursts of emotions in the form of obvious psychos. They are absolutely unfounded, so do not be offended. You are an adult who can skip all this by yourself.
Talk to the teenager a little later. Surely, the child will calm down and understand how wrong he behaved in this or that situation. The task of a competent parent is to support his son or daughter, to tell him that he is not afraid and can always rely on you.
When you feel that patience is coming to an end, inform your child about this and correctly exit the conversation. In order not to offend anyone, ask to return to your conversation after an hour or two. During this time, emotions will subside and both sides will understand that there was no conflict at all.
Signs of puberty in girls
Girls and boys go through puberty differently. First and foremost, it is worth noting the age, since girls start this difficult stage much earlier. It manifests itself in several characteristic signs associated with the general state of the body.
As a rule, increased growth begins with 11 years. Until this time, the girl steadily adds to growth. But after 11 years, it can significantly stretch in one summer. At the same time, changes in growth range from 8 to 10 centimeters. Much noticeable by classmates. From grade 6 to grade 8, girls are significantly higher than boys.
In addition to growth, changes and weight, which begins to rise sharply. For the year 2.5-3 kilograms adds a girl. But this is not always reflected in fat cells. Often, altogether, due to high growth, excess fat is imperceptible, which helps produce a large amount of energy.
Mammary glands (Mammae)
Gradually begin to form and mammary glands, which become more rounded forms. At the same time, the size of the nipples itself increases.
Special corrective underwear at this time the chest does not require. However, the girls already want to wear bras at this time. Parents should buy things from natural fabrics, without stones and with high-quality inserts.
Immediately after the girl begins to grow breasts, hair growth of the genital organs, armpits, legs and arms occurs. At the same time, a similar process begins so quickly that girls often associate it with any developmental disabilities. In fact, there are no deviations, it is quite a normal physiological process.
From the age of 11, the onset of menstruation is likely. To him, the mother must prepare the girl in advance. Therefore, the girl should not be frightened by such phenomena, but should know how to use pads and personal care products.
The first menstrual flow are abundant and are often accompanied by abdominal pain, nausea and dizziness. Parents should not scold the child for this, it is necessary to surround with care and attention.
Immediately can notice the surrounding emotional changes occurring. They manifest as excessive nervousness. The girl can go mad because of the smallest things that absolutely do not touch anyone.
Often during menstruation, you can notice a state of tearfulness and depression. Yet most of the girls are faced with a storm of emotions and hormones, which the body is actively beginning to produce.
The girl is not able to cope with all who leaned on her, so she begins to get angry, freaking out and nervous. All this is due to the fact that the girl simply does not understand what is happening with her and her body.
Features of hormonal changes
At the age of 11-12 years, the hormone puberty is formed in the child’s body, hence the name of the puberty period. This is a special process of puberty, which affects the whole organism.
Thanks to hormonal changes, girls manifest themselves in completely different behavior. They are already interested in a more mature model and understanding of the world. As a rule, at this age, girls are interested in boys, which is not the case with a strong field. As young men develop much later, the model of behavior at the age of 11-12 still remains childish.
The child begins to experience special demands on himself and the world due to the increased hormone content. For example, girls always tend to lose weight and look like an actress on the cover of a magazine. Sometimes, they are merciless and can bring themselves to exhaustion.
In addition, excessive demands are manifested to other people. Teenagers may think that they have not such a beautiful mother, as we would like, not such a rich dad, not such a strong brother.
Deviations from the norm
All the above symptoms, despite the large number of negative characteristics, are normal. However, parents should be aware of the characteristic deviations from the norms. Noting several symptoms at once, it is worth referring to a specialist for a more complete examination and understanding of reality.
Types of premature sexual development
A small percentage of girls (about 8%) reach early puberty. This period falls on the age of 7-8 years.
Doctors classify premature sexual development as follows:
- Dependent - due to an increase in the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, puberty occurs earlier, manifesting itself primarily as changes in the body of a girl.
In this matter, it is necessary to conduct a thorough diagnosis of the central nervous system and ensure that there are no deviations from the norms.
- Independent - is classified in smaller percentages of cases.
Such symptoms often manifest as diseases such as polycystic ovary. At first glance, puberty cannot be determined, unlike the first type. Therefore, it can be diagnosed only after a thorough examination by specialists.
Causes of premature sexual development
In many cases, the causes of early puberty cannot be determined at all. The appearance of secondary signs such as an enlarged chest, excessive sweating, and hair on the genitals are often referred to as premature development.
Researchers have identified a number of reasons that may affect the development of a child:
- genetic predisposition;
- violation of the hypothalamus;
- malfunction of the structure of the brain;
- complications after a complex disease;
- improper blood supply to the brain;
- a brain tumor;
- mental retardation;
- toxic poisoning.
Hypothalamic syndrome in girls
Disruption of the reproductive system requires urgent diagnosis and treatment. It is impossible to leave just so early maturation. It is clearly associated with a malfunction of the brain or deviations in another area.
As a consequence of early sexual development, a girl may manifest as a hypothalamic syndrome. It adversely affects the work of the vegetative-vascular, endocrine system.
The disease manifests itself with the following characteristic symptoms:
- decrease in working capacity;
- increased salivation;
- constant sensation of heat;
- mood swings;
- fever and chills;
Delayed sexual development
In children, abnormality and abnormality are considered as excessively active puberty, and a sharp delay. Therefore, if a girl is 11-13 years old, but there are still no signs indicating the development of the female body, it is worth contacting your doctor for a complete examination.
Basically, the reasons lie in the failure of the central nervous system. A similar deviation was recorded in 1% of adolescents. Nevertheless, heredity, anorexia, nervous disorders, and the affected central nervous system are considered the most frequent causes.
Often, in order to solve the cause of the delay in sexual development of a girl, the help of several specialists is required at once: a gynecologist, a psychologist and a neurologist. Very often the reason lies in the stress or nervousness experienced.
Often, puberty begins exactly on time, but the psycho-emotional changes are so strong that they can suppress the physiological abnormalities that follow them.
Sexual education girls
Parents long before puberty should begin to prepare their child for the changes. First of all, it is necessary to tell that sooner or later the girl turns into a girl, and then into a woman. This is surely reflected physically.
The first changes will affect the menstrual cycle. So that he does not become something frightening and surprising, it is necessary to tell in advance about the fact that blood is released from the body.
It is noteworthy that it is necessary not only to prepare the child from the point of view of practice, but also to give him emotional support. What help is needed, it is necessary to build on the requests of your child.
Some of the children need only kind and warm words, because he begins to be ashamed of things happening to him. There is someone who, on the other hand, wishes to become an adult rather.
In any case, a teenage girl needs support and understanding. It is then that the child will quietly endure a difficult transitional age, going into a very special period of his life.
In the event that parents do not know how to talk about puberty, you can always turn to movies. With their help, it will be possible in an accessible form in an understandable language to tell about the changes taking place.
On the Internet, choose a documentary just for teenage puberty. It will tell you about the changes to be experienced in your body and how to adjust to them.
It is best to be close to the child while watching a movie, thereby showing that these are completely normal and natural things. Often parents make a mistake, leaving their child watching alone. This is wrong, because the teenager will feel somehow not so, wrong.
After all, he needs the support of his mother at this time, who will explain that she has gone through all this.
Puberty in girls is a special process in which parents should participate. Observing from the side, it is necessary to understand that the process is proceeding in a normal way. At the same time, it is worthwhile to surround the child with increased attention and care. Then the girl will understand that she can trust her most intimate mom.
Often it is at this time that the most trusting relationships are formed when the daughter is considered the best friend of the mother.