Modern medicine comes up with new and sophisticated types of research, during which you can identify a pathology or a disease. If you identify the problem at an early stage, it will be much easier and easier to treat it. The big advantage of ultrasound is its safety.
This is one of the procedures that is carried out even for newborn children. If the doctor prescribed a baby ultrasound of the head, then you should not worry in advance. First of all, it is necessary to understand and understand what the procedure is, why it is necessary and what problems it can diagnose.
What is a brain ultrasound?
Ultrasound research appeared quite a long time ago and is actively used in modern medicine. The progressiveness of the method lies in the modern equipment, which allows you to see a more accurate and detailed picture, which means only the correct diagnosis by a specialist.
Ultrasound is a diagnostic accurate method, but you can not talk about precision. He certainly has flaws.
Parents should not worry about the pain or danger of the procedure. It is allowed to apply even to newborns. She is absolutely painless.
The only disadvantage is the discomfort that arises at the time when the gel is applied to the test area. It has a cooling effect, so the baby may feel a little cold.
Why is research done for children under 1 year old?
Absolutely all babies under 1 year old conduct a similar study. It is aimed at identifying pathologies. This is a diagnosis that is mandatory. Often, with obvious pathologies, the baby is already in the hospital conducting a similar study.
By studying the head, you can get data that will indicate the structure of the brain of the child.
First of all, a month-old baby is tested if:
- premature baby;
- birth trauma;
- Congenital heart defect.
There is nothing difficult to study a newborn. The only condition is its calm state. For this, mother needs to feed the baby, give him a toy and be near all the time. It is quite possible to diagnose when the child is sleeping.
Of course, there are a number of obvious indications for which the newborn is diagnosed even in the first days of life. However, the World Health Organization is confident that every baby needs a similar diagnostic procedure in the first month. It allows you to identify pathology and cope with it in the early stages.
When is ultrasound prescribed?
Children after 1 year have a harder time diagnosing. It is not considered a mandatory procedure, it can only be assigned as a study identifying the cause of the disease.
As a rule, an ultrasound is sent by a neurologist, after frequent complaints about:
- speech problems;
- memory problems;
- problems with perception;
In the event that the parents have independently identified one or more symptoms, it is required to seek help from a doctor. It is possible that there are problems associated with impaired blood circulation in the brain. Subsequently, this may lead to the development of vegetative-vascular dystonia, migraine, epilepsy or logoneurosis.
In that case, if all the diagnoses are saved, while only increasing in multiple volumes, it is worth thinking about conducting a re-examination. It is acceptable to contact another specialist for decoding. Perhaps a mistake was made and the doctor did not see the problem.
Repeated research is necessary only after consultation with a neurologist, who may cast doubt on the results of an ultrasound examination.
The diagnosis itself is called neurosonography. In small children conduct research through a spring, which is not yet fused.
The doctor puts on the equipment a special gel that helps in the diagnosis. The gel is absolutely hypoallergenic, will not cause any side effects.
A specialist takes a sensor in his hands and drives his head, exploring all that is inside the brain.
The procedure takes a few minutes. All this time, the doctor drives the head of the child, and the mother is responsible for the calmness of the baby. At the same time, she herself should not worry that the negative state is not transmitted to the child.
After the study is completed, it is necessary to remove the remaining gel from the head with a diaper or cloth.
As a rule, the results of a young mother get on the spot, as they are engaged in exactly the specialist who conducted the diagnosis.
Enlarged ventricles - all parts of the brain must be symmetrical and equal in size. In case of detection of a similar problem, we can talk about dropsy of the brain, hydrocephalus.
Due to the accumulation of intracerebral fluid, a child often has increased pressure, as a result, it lags behind in brain activity, does not keep pace with peers, very often feels tired, lethargic.
Enlarged subarachnoid space
A characteristic symptom is an increase of up to 3 mm. Additional signs may be frequent regurgitation, lack of appetite. In the event that there are no similar symptoms, but the problem is clearly detected, then we can talk about hydrocephalus.
Vascular plexus cyst
One of the unserious pathologies, which often resolves itself. The vessels are intertwined with each other and thus lining the ventricle of the brain.
Hemorrhages in the substance of the brain, ventricles
This is one of the dangerous and serious pathologies, which necessarily requires solving the problem. As a rule, after such a decryption, the child needs urgent hospitalization. Otherwise, death is possible.
Associated with acute oxygen deprivation, which the baby experienced even at the stage of gestation. In the future, brain ischemia can develop into a serious problem that will adversely affect the health of your child.
Mandatory rejection requires treatment. Often the cause of this problem are difficult and difficult childbirth. Arachnoid cyst can turn into ischemia or hydrocephalus, remaining for a lifetime with a person.
This means that constant headaches, high blood pressure, mental retardation will be characteristic, which will only lead to negative consequences.
How to prepare a child for the study?
Nothing complicated and serious in preparing a child is required. The maximum that parents can do is to set up the baby in a calm way. Therefore, most mothers try to feed up to the study. In this case, the child will be able to relax and behave calmly.
In addition to preparing the child, parents also need to prepare, taking with them:
- two diapers;
- package of documents;
- boot covers.
Older children are also trained from a psychological point of view, conducting a conversation about painlessness and the need for examination.
The big advantage of ultrasound research is its availability. There are absolutely no contraindications.
Doctors say that you can get the right result even if the baby is screaming and nervous. In fact, this will only complicate the work of a specialist, but will not affect the result in any way.
Where to do and how much is the procedure?
In public hospitals there is a special equipment that conducts ultrasound research. It is free of charge and is carried out as part of a compulsory medical examination of a child under 1 year. In the future, the direction is prescribed by a neurologist. He can also sign up for a free visit.
Often parents themselves act as initiators of diagnosis. In this case, they have to go to a paid clinic. Regarding the venue, try to choose the clinic in which the truly qualified staff.
A good specialist, decoding ultrasound, must be recorded in a month, and even more.
Price category varies depending on the clinic and the status of the doctor. The average price is about 1000 - 3000 rubles. The procedure is quite affordable for most people in Russia.
Ultrasound of the head of the child does not require special indications and contraindications. Absolutely everyone of their own free will can sign up for a study to find out if there are any health problems. In addition, an additional advantage is the ability to diagnose any person, both newborn and adult.
Head ultrasound performed for the child will help to identify pathologies in the early stages and cope with it without harm to the health of the baby. Very often, thanks to ultrasound diagnostics, doctors can detect paralysis of the central nervous system.