Hyperandrogenism is an endocrine disease in women, which affects about 15–20% of the population. It is characterized by an increased level of male hormones in the body.
Hyperandrogenism affects both adolescent girls and mature women. Endocrine disease can entail both deviations in appearance and infertility. That is why any girl should know what pathology is, what symptoms she has and how to deal with it.
Hyperandrogenism in women
Androgens are male sex hormones. In the body of any woman there are both female and male hormones. This is the norm for the full functioning of the body and its existence. The most famous male hormone is testosterone.
If there is an excess of male sex hormones in a woman's body, then certain pathological changes are formed in her.
There are several types of hyperandrogenism in women. Some of them are hereditary, others are acquired.
The main reasons for the development of pathology in the female body are:
- polycystic ovaries;
- hereditary factor;
- androgenital syndrome;
- hypofunction of the thyroid gland;
- adrenal neoplasms.
In order to fully identify the cause of the disease, it is necessary to determine with what characteristic symptoms the pathology is expressed.
You should not panic once again if you find yourself with extra hair on your face or body. This may not be related to hyperandrogenism at all.
She has a bright clinical picture, which is manifested by such deviations as:
- Hirsutism - increased hair growth, observed on the face, body, chest and back. As a rule, these are the areas where hair grows most often in men.
- Alopecia - increased hair loss, baldness. Most often, it flows from the frontal zone to the temples and temechka. In this case, hair loss begins with their exhaustion, then the appearance of a gun, white hair, followed by complete baldness. This is the brightest stage of manifestation of hyperandrogenism in women.
- Viril syndrome is the rarest clinical picture characterized by the loss of female sexual characteristics and the finding of male. According to statistics, only 0.1% of sick women suffer from a similar problem.
- Change in voice timbre (from high female to low male baritone).
- Muscle growth
- Increase clitoris.
- Lack of menstruation.
It is possible to diagnose hyperandrogenism in women by different methods. First of all, complaints from the patient begin to arrive, which can be accompanied by a real external picture.
Complaints follow in all cases. With the help of blood is determined by the level of testosterone in the woman's body As a rule, hormones are examined around the 7th day of the menstrual cycle (even if it was not there).
The next step in the diagnosis is called ultrasound. It is necessary to identify the pathology of the ovaries, which are determined using special sensors.
If necessary, the detection of a tumor in the pelvic organs, doctors prescribe magnetic resonance imaging.
Treatment of hyperandrogenism with medical methods
The need for treatment of hyperandrogenism is extremely high. A woman simply cannot live and exist normally, especially if she has cosmetic abnormalities.
A specialist, before prescribing a full course of treatment to a woman, must understand what caused this or that deviation. If it is associated with an increased level of prolactin, then it is necessary to solve this problem initially, and then take on the normalization of hormonal levels in the body.
If the reason lies in obesity, then the woman will need to lose body weight before treatment, in order to eliminate the possibility of complication or recurrence of the disease.
A woman suffering from hyperandrogenism requires the supervision of a specialist and treatment under his control. The doctor may prescribe oral contraceptives and hormonal drugs that will help to establish a general condition of the body.
Treatment of folk remedies
Traditional medicine claims that the problem associated with increased levels of male hormones in a woman’s blood can be solved with the help of special herbs and tinctures.
- Rhodiola four-part - a tablespoon of ground dry grass is poured with a glass of boiled water, infused for 3-4 hours.
After this time, the tincture can be consumed an hour before meals. It is believed that Rhodiola has several effects at once. It helps to normalize hormones, rejuvenates the body and removes unnecessary male hormones.
- Borovaya uterus - a tablespoon of dry grass is poured with boiling water, insist one hour.
The resulting tincture is drunk in several doses throughout the day. Borovaya uterus has a rather weak effect, so it is advised to use it for at least six months.
- Licorice root and martin root - one tablespoon of powder is poured over 3 cups of boiled water.
Broth insist for one night, then use one tablespoon 3 times a day. Licorice root has a strong effect. In addition, it calms the nerves. Marin root is not advised to take more than 6 weeks due to the strong effect.
- Mint - an amazing plant that helps with a large number of diseases.
Using mint can not only achieve a calming effect, but also reduce the level of androgens in the body. Mint should be combined with tea.
- Nettle - fresh grass must be brewed in a glass of boiled water.
Nettle helps not only to cope with stray hormones, but also to improve the overall skin condition.
- Milk thistle - has anti-inflammatory action.
The downside is an unpleasant smell. However, you can get rid of it with the help of tea additives.
What are the projections for pregnancy?
Often in a severe condition of hyperandrogenism, doctors diagnose infertility. To be saved and be cured, careful examination is necessary. First of all, specialists must understand the essence of the disease. As soon as the main cause is identified, it becomes immediately clear how to treat hyperandrogenism.
If pregnancy with this pathology occurs, it requires constant monitoring. After all, the disease can bring abnormalities and pathologies into pregnancy.
In order for anything like this to be detected, doctors must prescribe a complex of medical rehabilitation measures that will maintain the normal hormonal background of the body throughout pregnancy.
Lifestyle and nutrition
One of the complexes of measures that help to cope with the increased level of androgens in the body is associated with lifestyle and proper nutrition.
First of all, you should abandon the harmful habits in the form of smoking, excessive drinking. You should change your life and go in for sports. This should not be excessive exercise, rather moderate activities that will give pleasure.
Do not forget about proper nutrition. Fats, proteins and carbohydrates should be present in the body in the proper quantity. Avoid junk food such as fried, salted foods, smoked meats, prepared foods. Similar food should be replaced with soups, broths and cereals.
Proper nutrition does not mean the need for a rigid diet. On the contrary, food should be as diverse as possible. For example, more meat, fruits and vegetables.
When cooking, use flaxseed and olive oil, abandoning vegetable. Cooking technique - stewing, steaming.
It is necessary to eat often, but in small portions. Choose a small saucer and focus only on it.
Nutritionists claim that the simplest oats will help to fight with androgens. At the same time, it can be absolutely in any form: guy, baked, stewed. The ideal breakfast will be porridge with honey, where there is a necessary sugar content, which means carbohydrates, which will provide a woman with energy for the whole day.
Hyperandrogenism in women is a serious pathology that requires treatment. If you detect cosmetic problems and abnormalities should seek help from a doctor. After all, the problem may develop, leaving an increasing trace on the face and body of a woman.
Hyperandrogenism can be treated with medication therapy, folk remedies, lifestyle changes and diet. Ideal to apply all the methods in the complex to get a decent result.