Pregnancy and childbirth are the natural conditions of any woman. The birth of a child means an increase in financial spending in the family. Women under 3 years of age are granted official maternity leave, during which she receives benefits.
Any family needs financial assistance at the stage of pregnancy, childbirth and birth. This assistance is provided by the state.
What benefits are paid for children?
Before going on official maternity leave, a woman must figure out what benefits she is entitled to. The state provides financial support to pregnant and giving birth to girls by providing them with an official allowance. Its size depends on a number of factors.
The first payment is a maternity allowance.
The amount of payments depends on the status of the mother: officially employed or unemployed.
- If a woman is officially employed and is about to leave on maternity leave, then she is entitled to payments in the amount of 100%, based on average earnings, which is calculated based on 2 previous years.
The allowance is paid within 10 calendar days from the date of official departure to the decree. If a woman has a minimum wage that does not reach the subsistence minimum, then her benefit will be increased to the average minimum wage.
- In the event that a woman is not officially employed, then she is entitled to a minimum allowance.
It is paid when submitting an application to the social security service. Each region has a different monthly benefit amount.
In order to issue financial assistance for maternity, to receive payment, it is worth taking a certificate from a gynecologist. The doctor, relying on the approximate date of delivery, will send a woman in her 7th month of pregnancy on maternity leave. At the same time, the term for going on maternity leave may change depending on the state of health of the pregnant woman.
With a certificate, a woman should contact the personnel department or the social protection service in the community.
Child allowance up to 18 years
Everyone knows that the state provides a woman the opportunity to be on maternity leave for up to 3 years. However, few people know that a poor family has the right to receive benefits up to 18 years. A prerequisite for receiving payments is family income below the minimum wage.
State assistance is assumed to be one of the parents, but the calculation takes into account the income of all family members living in the apartment.
The allowance to 18 years is recognized as regional, so its amount varies depending on the region.
In order to receive financial assistance, you must collect all the documents. After that, you should go to the social security authorities, where you will be asked to write a statement, confirming your words with official documents.
Disabled child allowance
State material assistance is paid to those families that have unhealthy children recognized as disabled. The amount of benefit depends on who brings up a disabled person. This may be a full-fledged family, and maybe a single mother.
If the family is full, then the minimum payment that they are entitled to is 6000 rubles. At the same time, it will be necessary to document the disability, place of residence (with parents or not).
Contact for payments should be in the service of social protection of the population.
The allowance for a single mother is paid by the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation. A woman will need to provide not only a certificate of disability, but also her own work record. Based on all indicators, the state will set the amount of the monthly payment, relying single mother raising a disabled person.
Payments to large families
A large family is considered to be a family, which brings up from 3 or more children up to the age of 16 years. At the same time, not only relatives, but also adopted children under care are taken into account.
The state takes care of large families and offers them various benefits in the form of:
- monthly payments in the amount of 1044 rubles (in the presence of 3-5 children), 2088 rubles (in the presence of 5 children and more);
- monthly telephone fee is 250 rubles;
- free drugs until the youngest child is 6 years old;
- preferential admission to educational institutions;
- free meals at school;
- Free travel by public transport.
In addition, families with 5 or more children are offered monthly cash compensation for meals when providing supporting documents. The amount of the allowance is 1,800 rubles.
What is the size of child allowance in 2019?
Every year, the state indexes the amount of compensation. Therefore it is worth starting from the year in which a son or daughter was born.
Since February 1, 2018, some types of benefits have been indexed.
For 1 child
First of all, the accounting department pays the amount of allowance for the birth of a baby. It will be paid only after the woman brings a birth certificate and a certificate from the hospital.
The second payment will be a monthly amount, relying up to 1.5 years. Its minimum size is 3,795.60 rubles. However, it can fluctuate both up and down, depending on the region of residence.
In addition to the minimum amount of financial assistance there is a maximum rate. It is not supposed to pay more than 24 536.57. This amount will be calculated regardless of what is your official salary.
Even if 40% of your earnings are much higher than the maximum proposed, the state will not be able to pay another amount.
For 2 children
At birth, the 2 baby family is entitled to the maternity capital, the amount of which will not be indexed from 01/01/2020. He is 453 026 rubles. It can be spent on home improvement, children's education or charity.
From the moment of birth to 1.5 years, one of the parents is entitled to official maternity leave with the payment of a monthly allowance. Its size, as well as in the case of 1 child, is 40% of the income from the average wage for the last 2 years.
For 3 children
In connection with the new decree of the President, who wants to improve the demographic situation in the country, in 60 regions it was decided to increase the amount of monthly compensation for the third crumb.
The state payment on 3 relies in the amount of the subsistence minimum. At the same time, the family will receive a part of money from the regional (local budget), and a part from the state budget on the conditions of program implementation.
The average monthly payment for 3 children is 9824 rubles. The largest amount is received by residents of the Nenets Autonomous District, where the state pays 20,849 rubles a month for the birth of 3 children.
Payments for an adopted child
When adopting a baby to any family, regardless of its status, financial position and age, it is necessary to pay the material. In Moscow, the amount is 5 500 rubles.
When adopting twins or twins, the amount is doubled and paid for each separately.
If the family adopted three or more children at a time, they are given a single family allowance. Its size is 50,000 rubles.
Additional Moscow compensation is due to those adoptive parents who have not reached the age of 30 years. Age is determined at the time of the official adoption of the baby. To receive Moscow financial assistance, you must be a citizen of the Russian Federation under 30 years of age.
What are the payments to single mothers?
Government payments of a special nature rely on single mothers.
The amount and amount of payments will depend on a number of factors:
- mother's employment;
- the number of children;
- amounts of monthly income.
It should immediately make a reservation that the status of single mother does not give additional allowances in payments. If a woman does not have a minimum living wage on all family members, then she will receive the same payments as other low-income families.
The amount of allowance for a child depends on many factors. First of all, it is determined by the financial situation in the family, the status of the mother (working or unemployed), additional preferential conditions (3 or more children, disability).
In addition, the amount affects the region in which the woman who has given birth and lives.