Currently, medicine has leaped forward. Henceforth, conception can occur not only naturally, in vitro fertilization (IVF) is increasingly used.
It does not give a woman a 100% guarantee to conceive and bear a child, but she has a small chance and hope. A woman pregnant as a result of IVF should know the difficulties she will face.
The first days of pregnancy after IVF
45 hours after embryo grafting, the level of hCG changes in the woman's body. 14 days after IVF, blood is taken for analysis. If the level of hCG significantly decreased, this indicates a negative result of the action.
You can determine pregnancy in the first days after IVF by the same signs that occur in a woman who conceived a child in a natural way:
- Changed eating habits.
- Stomach disorders.
- General weakness, malaise.
- Low back pain.
- Hypersensitivity in the chest.
- Frequent urination.
- Sharp changes in mood.
If a woman became pregnant by IVF, then she should be extremely careful and cautious for the first months. This is the time when the embryo has not yet taken root, the risk of miscarriage is high.
It is extremely important to monitor not only your health, but also the mood, peace of mind. Excessive nervousness, excitement and anxiety will not lead to anything good. They will only contribute to the rejection of the embryo.
It is necessary to listen to the instructions of your doctor, who for the period of the first trimester, may prescribe additional hormones that are not available in the female body.
Often, in the first trimester, doctors advise you to adhere to as much bed rest as possible. Therefore, a woman should avoid not only nervous situations, but also physical exertion, long walks.
Features of conducting pregnancy after IVF
Pregnancy after IVF in many of its main characteristics is no different from the natural conception. It also consists of three important trimesters, the result of which is generic activity.
Each trimester has its own specific difficulties. Especially carefully and attentively they should be approached by a woman who conceived a baby through in vitro fertilization.
From 1 to 12 weeks a fetus is formed from the embryo. This happens gradually. The formation includes the laying of all the necessary organs of the child.
Why is the first trimester one of the most difficult after IVF?
The most important and crucial period is the first trimester. A woman more than ever needs to give up stress, unnecessary experiences and try to devote time only to yourself. Leave the care of household affairs, entrust it to your faithful.
It is in the first trimester that the risk of complications is high, since the fetus has not yet formed and has not fully strengthened in the body.
A high risk during the first trimester is an ectopic pregnancy. This is a condition in which generic activity is not possible. The woman is subjected to a special procedure, during which the implanted embryo is removed.
How to keep the pregnancy in the first trimester and reduce the risk?
In order to reduce the risk of miscarriage in the first trimester, a woman must comply with a number of conditions:
- Lead a calm and measured lifestyle.
- Observed in the center where the IVF was performed.
- Full sleep and rest.
- Lying down.
- Evening walks in the park area.
- Refusal of bad habits (smoking, alcohol).
- Hormone therapy
During the entire first trimester, a pregnant woman after IVF will undergo a thorough examination and is under constant surveillance. This will increase the possibility of successful pregnancy.
The second trimester of pregnancy starts from 4 months. After IVF in the second trimester of pregnancy, the pathology of the placenta is monitored. For this, she is given an ultrasound scan every month and, if necessary, uses the Doppler method.
The most popular problem accompanying women in the second trimester is gestosis. Externally, it is a swelling of the limbs. Gestosis is associated with impaired vascular and excretory systems.
Another name for preeclampsia is dropsy of pregnant women. This is an extremely serious disease that requires an urgent hospitalization of a woman. Great risk of fetal hypoxia, that is, a violation in the flow of oxygen to the body of the child.
In order to eliminate preeclampsia, you must monitor the indicators:
- body mass;
- blood pressure;
- the amount of fluid you drink;
- amount of urine.
Gestosis is treated only in hospital mode.
Period decisive, the last, the result of which should be childbirth and the birth of the baby. From week 32, doctors begin to continuously monitor the health of women and children.
The disadvantage of IVF is its negative effect on the placenta, as a result of which its premature aging occurs.
As a result of the third trimester, all organs of the baby develop. Women are often prescribed bed rest.
Complications of pregnancy after IVF
After in vitro fertilization, the likelihood of ectopic pregnancy is high. After replanting a fertilized egg, it is in free movement for 4 days. This means that she has the opportunity to sit down not where necessary.
Ectopic pregnancy is of several types:
In order to exclude the possibility of ectopic pregnancy after fertilization, it is necessary to observe bed rest for 4-5 days. If a woman does not have other pathologies and abnormalities, then such advice will help to maintain the pregnancy.
According to statistics, 25% of pregnant women as a result of IVF women lose their baby in the first trimester. Those deviations that did not allow natural conception often cause miscarriage.
Since the transfer of a fertilized egg takes place using an invasive procedure, this increases the risk of uterine infections.
Pregnancy after IVF is possible and this has been proven by modern medicine. The condition of a pregnant woman requires special control, research and attention. It should be responsible approach to pregnancy, not only doctors, but also future parents.
Women observe bed rest, walk in the open air and protect themselves from stressful situations. A man should support his wife, help her cope with her nerves and monitor her overall health. In this case, it will be possible not only to endure, but also to give birth to a healthy baby.