What is the morphology of sperm and what are the ways to treat the disease?

Infertility is a problem that affects not only women, but also men. For them, it rises more sharply from a psychological point of view. When the sperm head is broken, this leads to morphological changes in the sperm, that is, an abnormality occurs in the structure of the organism.

When planning a pregnancy, it is worth examining not only the female, but also the male body. Often it is in it that infertility may occur. One of the most common problems is the sperm morphology.

What is sperm morphology?

According to statistics, approximately 40% of couples who do not have a child for 3 years of sex together are considered infertile. The reason for this infertility lies in this case in a man.

Diagnose problems in men's health will help spermogram. It is handed independently by masturbation. The resulting seminal fluid is examined for a number of indicators. First of all, the sperm count, their ability to move and fertilize is estimated.

One of the most important indicators in the study is the sperm morphology. It is carried out microscopically. Modern and state-of-the-art equipment allows you to see sperm cells that are alive, able to conceive, and dead.

Kruger spermogram - what's the point?

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In morphology, there are several systems to determine the presence of live particles in the semen. The Kruger method allows you to do this accurately.

This is a technique in which spermatozoa undergo a hard division according to the main criteria:

  • head shape;
  • sperm width;
  • shape and length of the tail;
  • the ratio of sperm parts to each other;
  • cytoplasm;
  • individual features of the structure.
Sperm morphology.

What results will the test show?

As a result, the output is the value of the fertility index according to the Kruger method. It is indicated as a percentage. Identified number means how many perfect sperm were found in the resulting analysis. It can be either 60% or 3%.

But it is not always the result of the Kruger technique that affects the presence or absence of infertility. Often couples with a result of 7% can conceive a healthy baby.

Pathological forms

It is believed that for a full and quick conception in a man's body, there must be from 50% of healthy spermatozoa. An insufficient number of zhivchikov is a problem to fertilization.

The causes of pathological deviations may be the following factors:

  • hormonal disbalance;
  • eating disorders;
  • stress, nervous tension;
  • excessive exercise;
  • varicocele;
  • age;
  • heredity;
  • ecological situation;
  • excessive drinking;
  • smoking.

The most difficult thing is to cope with a genetic predisposition. According to statistics, genetics transfers 95% of diseases out of 100 to the next generation.

Important! Pregnancy with deviations in the spermogram is possible, but often it leads to the birth of a child with serious deviations in health and development. Therefore, before embarking on conception, it is necessary not only to be completely examined, but also to get rid of the existing pathologies.

Treatment

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In order to improve the quality of sperm, it is necessary to understand the reason for such a deviation. The treatment regimen for each patient can be completely different. For example, the same doctor can prescribe both antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Everything will depend on what became the main cause of the disease.

Varicocele is the only problem that can be eliminated only through surgical intervention. Neither drugs nor traditional medicine will help to cope with the disease.

Along with drugs, the doctor prescribes and additional treatment in the form of a vitamin-mineral complex:

  • folic acid;
  • zinc;
  • iodine.

On the issue of improving the quality of sperm should be approached comprehensively, paying attention to the mode of life and diet. It is necessary to give up bad habits in the form of smoking and drinking alcohol. Proper nutrition can help improve sperm quality.

So mandatory products in the diet are:

  • a fish;
  • nuts;
  • sea ​​kale;
  • meat;
  • liver.

Be sure to pay attention to lifestyle. Daily should be moderate activity. Therefore, if you have a sedentary job, then in the evening give preference to sport. But at the same time, give up exhausting loads.

As sports activities you can try yourself in swimming, running, race walking, push-ups and pull-ups.

Pregnancy forecast

Pathologies in seminal fluid are not a ban on pregnancy. At the time will have to postpone paternity planning. It may take several months or even years for treatment. However, you will know that you will definitely have a full and healthy baby.

In the event that the family does not want to expect such a long time, then it can resort to the procedure of artificial insemination. A man in the laboratory gives sperm, after which a specialist selects the most active sperm.

They are fertilized artificially in a test tube, the ready-made embryo is transplanted into the uterus to the mother, after which it must be fixed in a natural way. In that case, if the mother has no health problems, then the consolidation occurs as soon as possible.

In addition to IVF have the opportunity to insemination. Using a special tube, spermatozoa are injected into the woman's uterus, which independently fertilize the egg cell.

This method is considered less effective, since it does not always come across healthy and full sperm. Insemination is successful only with small morphological deviations of sperm.

Conclusion

Any pathology in the human body requires treatment. Fortunately, the modern world provides a large number of medicines and therapies that help to cope with the problem. Therefore, the sperm morphology is not a fertility sentence, but rather an opportunity to cure the body and conceive a full-fledged child.

Watch the video: Improving Fertility in Men with Poor Sperm Count. UCLA Urology (February 2020).

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