Can an MRI scan be performed under general anesthesia for a child?

A popular type of diagnosis is MRI. But for its correct holding it is necessary that the child lies motionless for a long time. The device itself is not painful and absolutely safe.

Children have a feeling of fear and they do not lie calmly, they make real tantrums. For such cases apply anesthesia. He confuses many parents and it becomes completely incomprehensible whether an MRI should be performed under general anesthesia and how safe this procedure is.

How safe is the MRI of the brain?

Magnetic resonance imaging - a new diagnostic equipment that is very popular in the modern world. Thanks to this device, you can get reliable information regarding the current state of health.

Experts found out that MRI is an absolutely safe device. MRI has no effect on either an adult or a child’s body. Despite this, experts recommend using it for children from 2 years.

It is believed that at this age it is safer. However, if a younger child has health problems, then, as indicated by a doctor, magnetic resonance imaging can be done even for children in their early days.

Caution is to approach anesthesia. It is imperative that an anesthesiologist is present at any procedure, who, if necessary, controls the general condition of the body.

The procedure itself lasts a long time, so only adults or teenagers can calmly lie down. Younger children experience fear and panic, so anesthesia is used for them. Its use is justified in many cases. After all, with the help of MRI, you can quickly and easily make an accurate diagnosis.

How do MRI children?

The device itself is quite bulky and voluminous. It resembles a large cylinder, in which there are holes on both sides. The child is placed on a movable table near the device.

The doctors fix the patient on the sides with straps so that he remains motionless during the diagnosis. Next comes the difference in diagnosis, depending on what part is being investigated.

Head tomography

A special helmet with a large number of wires is put on the child’s head. They will send and receive various radio waves. Nurses help put on earplugs, because inside the device is quite noisy. There is a characteristic knock that leaves unpleasant feelings.

The table after all the manipulations done is placed inside the tomograph. There are devices that cover only part of the body. In this case, you only need to place the head inside the MRI. This diagnostic method is more outdated and less effective. Much more modern is MRI, which completely covers the whole body.

The doctor leaves the room in a special room with clear glass. He can monitor him and the patient himself, which is an elementary security. In the office there are also computers to which MRI data are displayed.

MRI under anesthesia to the child.

The average duration of tomography of the head is 30-40 minutes. Diagnosis is absolutely painless. The inconvenience can only be that one has to be completely immobile.

Internal organs

No special preparation procedure requires an MRI of the internal organs. The patient is placed on a movable table, special sensors are attached to the study area. With their help, you can see all that happens in the body.

In order for the client to remain stationary, it is fastened on the sides with special restraints. The movable table is placed inside the device and display data on special screens.

Is MRI of the brain harmful?

It is highly likely that an MRI scan of the brain is an absolutely safe procedure. Those waves that affect the body, do not carry a negative or negative effects.

In addition, the effectiveness of magnetic resonance imaging has been proven. Only with it you can get a reliable result in a short period of time. Accordingly, experts speak only about the risk of using this type of diagnosis.

How to conduct a general anesthesia for magnetic scanning?

There are several ways to administer anesthesia. The first option involves an injection through which an injection is administered intravenously. The second method is masked or so-called inhalation. A special mask is put on the face of the person, which receives the medicine. After several inhalations and exhalations, the child falls into a state of anesthesia.

Often parents are offered to independently choose the method of administering anesthesia. Most people stop at the inhalation option because it is safer and more affordable. It is much easier to put a mask on a child than to make an injection.

Is it possible to make an MRI of a child without anesthesia?

There is a situation when the child is contraindicated anesthesia. This may be due to a number of contraindications or possible complications. In spite of this, the absence of anesthesia does not mean a refusal to diagnose. In this case, the task of parents to pick up the device with an open circuit. This is the device in which the child is not fully closed.

In situations where the child does not receive anesthesia, parents must be present in the room. During the whole procedure, they talk with their child and ask him not to move.

The task of parents in every way to distract the baby, without attracting his attention to the device itself. Of course, the result on such devices will be slightly worse, but this will avoid the introduction of the anesthesia itself.

Possible complications during anesthesia and their prevention?

It is worth mentioning the possible complications that arise during the procedure of anesthesia. They are associated with incorrect calculation of the dosage or low-quality drug.

Some parents are afraid that anesthesia may affect the brain, mental decline. In fact, this is only possible with very long anesthesia. In such a short time, no negative effect on the body will be exerted.

An anesthesiologist must be present during the entire procedure. The child is attached to special sensors that measure the pulse and blood pressure frequency. According to these indicators, the specialist must understand the condition of the child.

If this does not happen, then there is a big risk for the patient. Therefore, before doing an MRI in a special clinic, it is worth asking about how they undergo the procedure.

Contraindications for MRI of the brain under anesthesia

A prerequisite for the procedure is familiarization with contraindications. In the event that the patient disobeyed the doctor, there is a risk of negative consequences for the body.

Contraindications include:

  • rickets;
  • lack of body weight;
  • mental and physical developmental delays;
  • hyperthermia;
  • bronchial asthma;
  • viral diseases;
  • infectious diseases;
  • diseases of the upper respiratory tract.

Total

MRI is a modern type of diagnosis that allows you to analyze health problems. Through the use of tomography, it is easy to identify the deviations.

Watch the video: A Child's MRI with Anesthesia (October 2019).

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